What Is Competence?

  title={What Is Competence?},
  author={Françoise Delamare Le Deist and Jonathan Winterton},
  journal={Human Resource Development International},
  pages={27 - 46}
This paper explores the definitions and usage of competence, especially in the context of training and development initiatives in the USA, UK, France and Germany, seeking to clarify the concept by incorporating knowledge, skills and competences within a holistic competence typology. One-dimensional frameworks of competence are inadequate and are giving way to multi-dimensional frameworks. Functional and cognitive competences are increasingly being added to behavioural competencies in the USA… Expand
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