What Happened at Hawthorne?

  title={What Happened at Hawthorne?},
  author={Henry Mcilvaine Parsons},
  pages={922 - 932}
The Hawthorne effect in experimental research is the unwanted effect of the experimental operations themselves. Following the Hawthorne studies, various explanations have been proposed to account for rising rates of production. Although in the Relay Assembly Test Room experiment the experimental operations may have produced other extraneous variables, a reexamination based on new and neglected evidence has yielded a new interpretation. The new variable, made more plausible because research in… 

The Hawthorne effect: A reconsideration of the methodological artifact.

Reviews the literature on the Hawthorne effect (HE) which originated out of the studies at the Hawthorne Works of the Western Electric Company. This effect is generally defined as the problem in

The Hawthorne experiments: First statistical interpretation.

A guide is provided to the proceedings of the Hawthorne experiments, and experimental data are now made readily available. Data from the main experiment (that in the first relay assembly test room at

The Hawthorne Experiments: Statistical Evidence for a Learning Hypothesis

The historical productivity data from the Hawthorne experiments permit the statistical evaluation of the hypotheses of the original experimenters and others by conducting appropriate time-series

Hawthorne revisited . and, Relay assembly testroom participants remember : Hawthorne a half century later

Five of the original participants in the Hawthorne Experiments were interviewed in order to clarify some of the events and to answer many of the questions researchers have expressed concerning the methodology and conclusions of the experiments.

The Hawthorne Misunderstanding (and How to Get the Hawthorne Effect in Action Research)

The Hawthorne relay-assembly research has been misinterpreted as showing that interest in employees' well-being is sufficient to stimulate increased performance. In the original studies of this

The Hawthorne studies-a fable for our times?

  • E. Gale
  • Education
    QJM : monthly journal of the Association of Physicians
  • 2004
A familiar anecdote that relates, with variations, that experiments with improved factory lighting increased the productivity of workers, showed beyond doubt that productivity related to what the subjects believed, and not to objective changes in their circumstances.

The "Hawthorne effect" is a myth, but what keeps the story going?

  • M. Kompier
  • Psychology
    Scandinavian journal of work, environment & health
  • 2006
This article demonstrates that the Hawthorne research does not pass a methodological quality test, and there is no proof of a Hawthorne effect in the original data.

Is there a Hawthorne effect?

The experiments conducted by Elton Mayo and his team from Harvard at Western Electric’s Hawthorne factory led to the formulation of the well-known “Hawthorne effect”: the staff’s attentive attitude

Hawthorne a Half Century Later: Relay Assembly Participants Remember

The Hawthorne Experiments are among the most well-known experi-ments ever conducted in the field of management and social research. The data from the experiments have been reinterpreted and

Hawthorne, the myth of the docile worker, and class bias in psychology.

The famous studies done at the Haw- thorne plant of Western Electric were fundamental for the development of human relations in industry. They have also been cited frequently in social psychology and



The role of financial compensation in industrial motivation.

Theories and research studies related to the effects of financial compensation on employee motivation are reviewed and critically evaluated to lead eventually to a sound theory of money and employee motivation from which more effective and more behaviorally relevant compensation practices may be derived.


Industrial psychologists have been seriously concerned with the measurement, interpretation and implications of job attitudes ever since the Western Electric Studies (Roethlisberger and Dickson,

Effectiveness of pay incentives under variable ratio and continuous reinforcement schedules.

The effectiveness of pay incentives under variable ratio and continuous reinforcement schedules was investigated in a simulated job situation. Fifteen 5s worked under three-pay incentive conditions,

Management and the Worker (Harvard

  • 1939