What Explains Low Female Political Representation? Evidence from Survey Experiments in Japan

  title={What Explains Low Female Political Representation? Evidence from Survey Experiments in Japan},
  author={Rieko Kage and Frances Mccall Rosenbluth and Seiki Tanaka},
  journal={Politics \& Gender},
  pages={285 - 309}
Abstract Few democratic countries have lower rates of female political representation than Japan, making it an excellent place to seek clues for female underrepresentation. We were surprised to find, based on three experimental surveys, that Japanese voters do not harbor particularly negative attitudes toward female politicians. The problem instead appears to be that women are reluctant to run for office because of socially mandated family roles. An implication of our study is that gender… 

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