What Drives Societal Collapse?

@article{Weiss2001WhatDS,
  title={What Drives Societal Collapse?},
  author={Harvey Weiss and Ray Bradley},
  journal={Science},
  year={2001},
  volume={291},
  pages={609 - 610}
}
The archaeological and historical record shows many instances of societal collapse. These events have traditionally been explained by a combination of social, political, and economic factors. In their Perspective, Weiss and Bradley argue that there is increasing evidence for climate as the primary agent in the collapse of prehistoric and early historic societies. They also consider the possible effects of future anthropogenic climate change. 
Nothing Lasts Forever: Environmental Discourses on the Collapse of Past Societies
The study of the collapse of past societies raises many questions for the theory and practice of archaeology. Interest in collapse extends as well into the natural sciences and environmental and
Archaeology and rapid climate changes> from the collapse concept to a panarchy interpretative model
The ‘rapid climate change’, ‘cycles of abrupt climate shift’, and ‘cold events’ in the Holocene are discussed in relation to the ‘collapse of civilisation’ concept, and adaptive cycles and the 
Climate Change, Human Security, and Violent Conflict in the Anthropocene. Introduction
This book focuses on possible causal linkages among the three scientific research areas of climate change, human security, and violent conflict and asks whether they have posed challenges for
Introduction: Climate Change, Human Security, and Violent Conflict in the Anthropocene
This book focuses on possible causal linkages among the three scientific research areas of climate change, human security, and violent conflict and asks whether they have posed challenges for
Environmental determinism in Holocene research: causality or coincidence?
The past decade has seen a revival of environmental determinism in palaeoenvironmental research, with palaeoclimatic shifts implicated in the collapse of many past civilizations. Implicit in these
Climate and cultural history in the Americas: An overview
There is abundant historical evidence that climatic extremes in the past have led to significant and sometimes severe societal impacts. The severity of these impacts depends on the intensity and
Towards a rigorous understanding of societal responses to climate change.
TLDR
An interdisciplinary framework for uncovering climate-society interactions that emphasizes the mechanics by which climate change has influenced human history, and the uncertainties inherent in discerning that influence across different spatiotemporal scales is proposed.
The show must go on: Collapse, resilience, and transformation in 21st-century archaeology
ABSTRACT Collapse is a theme addressed by specialists from many disciplines, from environmental and sustainability studies to popular culture and the hard sciences, as well as by archaeologists and
Cultural Responses to Climate Change During the Late Holocene
TLDR
Four case studies drawn from New and Old World civilizations document societal responses to prolonged drought, including population dislocations, urban abandonment, and state collapse.
Climate Change in Prehistory: The End of the Reign of Chaos
1. Introduction 2. The climate of the last 100,000 years 3. Life in the Ice Age 4. The evolutionary implications of living with the Ice Age 5. Emerging from the Ice Age 6. Recorded history 7. Our
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 25 REFERENCES
Themes in Southwest Prehistory
Two dozen leading archaeologists isolate a number of themes that were central to the process of increasing complexity in prehistoric Southwestern society, including increased food production, a
Cultural impacts of severe droughts in the prehistoric Andes: Application of a 1,500‐year ice core precipitation record
Abstract Late in the sixth century, Andean peoples experienced major cultural upheavals, including a notable settlement shift of the classic Mochica culture on the northern Peruvian coast. A recently
The Impact of Radiocarbon Dating on Old World Archaeology: Past Achievements and Future Expectations
Half a century since radiocarbon was first used in the archaeology of the Old World, it seems that the expectations of W F Libby may be becoming a reality. In 1952 (Libby 1952:97), he wrote:
Climate change and the collapse of the Akkadian empire: Evidence from the deep sea
The Akkadian empire ruled Mesopotamia from the headwaters of the Tigris-Euphrates Rivers to the Persian Gulf during the late third millennium B.C. Archeological evidence has shown that this highly
Environmental thresholds and the empirical reality of state collapse: a response to Erickson (1999)
We are grateful for the opportunity to respondto Erickson's (1999) critique of our articles onhuman-environment interactions in the LakeTiticaca basin of Bolivia (Ortloff & Kolata 1993;Abbott et al.
Interhemispheric climate linkages
The Eastern Wing of the Fertile Crescent: Late prehistory of Greater Mesopotamian lithic industries
Plant and animal domestication was important in revolutionising the Greater Mesopotamian region. Archaeological evidence has been used to assess and trace the transformation from mobile foragers to
The articulation of cultural processes and Late Quaternary environmental changes in Cisjordan.
TLDR
Un nombre de ces crises, la plupart liees aux changements de l'environnement, sont decrites; c'est dans ce cadre et dans des societes dans l'ensemble tres conservatrices that doit etre considere le passage of the cueillette a la domestication des plantes and des animaux.
...
...