What Does Fake Look Like? A Review of the Literature on Intentional Deception in the News and on Social Media

  title={What Does Fake Look Like? A Review of the Literature on Intentional Deception in the News and on Social Media},
  author={Alyt Damstra and Hajo G. Boomgaarden and Elena Broda and Eveliina Lindgren and Jesper Str{\"o}mb{\"a}ck and Yariv Tsfati and Rens Vliegenthart},
  journal={Journalism Studies},
  pages={1947 - 1963}
ABSTRACT This paper focuses on the content features of intentional deceptive information in the news (i.e., fake news) and on social media. Based on an extensive review of relevant literature (i.e., political journalism and communication, computational linguistics), we take stock of existing knowledge and present an overview of the structural characteristics that are indicative of intentionally deceptive information. We discuss the strength of underlying empirical evidence and identify… 

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