What Do We Know about Natural Resources and Civil War?

  title={What Do We Know about Natural Resources and Civil War?},
  author={Michael L. Ross},
  journal={Journal of Peace Research},
  pages={337 - 356}
  • M. Ross
  • Published 1 May 2004
  • History
  • Journal of Peace Research
Since the late 1990s, there has been a flood of research on natural resources and civil war. This article reviews 14 recent cross-national econometric studies, and many qualitative studies, that cast light on the relationship between natural resources and civil war. It suggests that collectively they imply four underlying regularities: first, oil increases the likelihood of conflict, particularly separatist conflict; second, ‘lootable’ commodities like gemstones and drugs do not make conflict… 

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