What's wrong with believing in repression?: A review for legal professionals.

@article{Piper2008WhatsWW,
  title={What's wrong with believing in repression?: A review for legal professionals.},
  author={A. Piper and Linda Lillevik and Roxanne Kritzer},
  journal={Psychology, Public Policy and Law},
  year={2008},
  volume={14},
  pages={223-242}
}
Some courts in recent years have tarnished their credibility by willingly and blindly adopting the theory of repressed memory. Such acceptance can destroy the reputations of falsely accused individuals, and, by failing to pay due attention to scientific evidence, gives credence to pseudoscience and demeans the scientific method. This paper was written to inform judges and attorneys about the relevant evidence, which shows that: (a) the concepts of repressed and recovered memory are not… Expand
The Return of the Repressed: The Persistent and Problematic Claims of Long-Forgotten Trauma
  • H. Otgaar, M. L. Howe, +4 authors E. Loftus
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Perspectives on psychological science : a journal of the Association for Psychological Science
  • 2019
TLDR
It is demonstrated that the belief in repressed memories occurs on a nontrivial scale and appears to have increased among clinical psychologists since the 1990s, and that the scientifically controversial concept of dissociative amnesia, which is argued is a substitute term for memory repression, has gained in popularity. Expand
Tilting at Windmills: Why Attacks on Repression Are Misguided
  • C. Brewin
  • Medicine
  • Perspectives on psychological science : a journal of the Association for Psychological Science
  • 2020
TLDR
Clinical evidence is consistent with recovered memories occurring in many different forms of therapy, including ones that do not use suggestive techniques or rely on the concept of repression, and Otgaar et al. have proposed the existence of a problem for which little objective evidence can be found. Expand
From Traumatic Memory to Traumatized Remembering: Beyond the Memory Wars, Part 2: Disagreement
From the mid-1980s onwards, US courts have seen a dramatic increase in personal injury and criminal cases alleging harm caused by sexual abuse whose memories were “recovered” after decades ofExpand
What if you went to the police and accused your uncle of abuse? Misunderstandings concerning the benefits of memory distortion: A commentary on Fernández (2015)
TLDR
His reasoning and examples are flawed to such degree that they will lead to misunderstandings rather than clarification in the field of memory (distortion), and he uses the terms belief and memory incorrectly, creating a conceptual blur. Expand
Deception: Truth Serum
“Truth” substances are one member of a class of techniques and technologies that maximize suggestibility and facilitate persuasion. Although these all may make a subject or suspect more talkative orExpand
From False Confession to Wrongful Conviction: Seven Psychological Processes
A steadily increasing tide of literature has documented the existence and causes of false confession as well as the link between false confession and wrongful conviction of the innocent. ThisExpand
Psychologists and psychiatrists serving as expert witnesses in court: what do they know about eyewitness memory?
Expert witnesses have various tasks that frequently include issues of memory. We tested if expert witnesses outperform other practitioners on memory issues of high relevance to clinical practice. WeExpand
Fear and Phobia: A Critical Review and the Rational-Choice Theory of Neurosis
This article reviews the empirical status of theories of fear and phobia. Psychoanalysis received little support, as findings tend to refute its basic assumption that phobia results from repressedExpand
What Psychologists Know and Believe about Memory: A Survey of Practitioners
Summary: We surveyed 858 licensed psychologists, members of the Norwegian Psychological Association, about their knowledge and beliefs about human memory. The results were compared to the results ofExpand
Conversion Disorder: A Review Through the Prism of the Rational-Choice Theory of Neurosis
Conversion disorder remains a mystery that has only become more complicated with the decline of the scientific status of psychoanalysis (e.g., Piper, Lillevik, & Kritzer, 2008; Rofe, 2008) and recentExpand
...
1
2
3
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 100 REFERENCES
Repression, Dissociation, and the Recovered Memory Debate: Constructing Scientific Evidence and Expertise
We examine arguments about the scientific status of repression and dissociation in the written discourse of academic social scientists and clinicians on the controversial issue of recovered memoriesExpand
The unified theory of repression
  • M. Erdelyi
  • Medicine, Psychology
  • Behavioral and Brain Sciences
  • 2006
TLDR
It has now become clear, as clinicians had claimed, that the inaccessible materials are often available and emerge indirectly (e.g., procedurally, implicitly). Expand
Unchained Memories: True Stories of Traumatic Memories, Lost and Found
TLDR
Lenore Terr, the author of this volume, is an undisputed authority on the subject of children's capacity to remember traumatic events. Expand
"He Said, She Said": A Psychological Perspective on Historical Memory Evidence in the Courtroom*
Abstract Canadian courts are hearing an increasing number of allegations based on historical incidents. In most cases, complainants or witnesses report remembering the alleged offense continuouslyExpand
Recovered-memory therapy and robust repression: influence and pseudomemories.
  • R. Ofshe, M. T. Singer
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • The International journal of clinical and experimental hypnosis
  • 1994
TLDR
A specification of the properties of the robust repression mechanism is reported based on interviews with current and former patients, practitioners' writings, and reports to researchers and clinicians. Expand
Memory distortion and false memory creation.
  • E. Loftus
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • The Bulletin of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
  • 1996
The 1990s have brought to public attention thousands of cases that began when a grown-up daughter or son walked into a therapist's office seeking help for depression, low self-esteem, or any of aExpand
Making monsters : false memories, psychotherapy, and sexual hysteria
In the last decade, reports of incest have exploded into the national consciousness. Magazines, talk shows, and mass market paperbacks have all jumped into the fray, as many Americans - primarilyExpand
Recovered Memory and the Daubert Criteria
  • C. Dalenberg
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Trauma, violence & abuse
  • 2006
TLDR
It is concluded that the weight of the evidence should allow the recovered memory victim to come before the court and that false memory is a largely orthogonal concept to recovered memory. Expand
'Memory Work': A Royal Road to False Memories?
SUMMARY In this reaction to Lindsay and Read, we raise three unanswered questions, and rebut three unquestioned answers. Specifically, we ask: (1) how compelling is the evidence for repression as aExpand
Can memories of childhood sexual abuse be repressed?
TLDR
Present clinical evidence is insufficient to permit the conclusion that individuals can repress memories of childhood sexual abuse, and many writers have implied that hundreds of thousands, or even millions of persons harbour such repressed memories. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...