What’s so special about Asperger Syndrome?

@article{BaronCohen2006WhatsSS,
  title={What’s so special about Asperger Syndrome?},
  author={Simon Baron-Cohen and Ami Klin},
  journal={Brain and Cognition},
  year={2006},
  volume={61},
  pages={1-4}
}
A Concise History of Asperger Syndrome: The Short Reign of a Troublesome Diagnosis
TLDR
Difficulties operationalising diagnostic criteria and differentiating AS from autism ultimately led to its merging into the unifying category of Autistic Spectrum Disorders.
Consultation with the specialist: Asperger syndrome.
TLDR
The term “Asperger's syndrome” was coined to characterize the features of the condition as a personality disorder with a strong genetic basis by Lorna Wing in 1981.
Living without a diagnosis : formations of pre-diagnostic identity in the lives of AS people diagnosed in adulthood
Asperger Syndrome (AS) is currently understood as a neurodevelopmental condition associated with difficulties in social communication, social interaction, and social imagination. Many AS people also
The neuropsychological profiles of learners with Asperger Syndrome
A qualitative case study research design is used to investigate the results of a neuropsychological test battery, collated and used with four individual cases. A literature study consisting of
Language and Auditory Processing Problems in ADHD
As I sat and listened to Russell Barkley deliver his lecture to the audience from the Community School in New Jersey, December 2005, I was taken with his reference to the poor use of social language
RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN WEAK CENTRAL COHERENCE AND MENTAL STATES UNDERSTANDING IN CHILDREN WITH AUTISM AND IN CHILDREN WITH ADHD.
The central coherence involves the processes of perceptual coding and attention mechanisms, highly deficient in children with ADHD (Booth & Happe, 2010). According to this theory, also children with
The neuroanatomy of pictorial reasoning in autism
TLDR
The work in this thesis combines behavioral, functional MRI, and diffusion tensor imaging methods to examine the neurobiological basis of the discrepancy between linguistic and visuospatial skills in autistic cognition and suggests that performance in high functioning autism may be related to deficits in frontal cortex connectivity, in favor of visualization strategies in higher-level cognition.
...
1
2
3
4
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 53 REFERENCES
ASPERGER'S SYNDROME AND AUTISM: COMPARISON OF EARLY HISTORY AND OUTCOME
TLDR
There were no substantive, qualitative differences between the AS and autistic groups, indicating that AS should be considered a mild form of high‐functioning autism, and the inclusion of AS among the autistic spectrum of disorders has implications for aetiological studies and for prevalence estimates of the pervasive developmental disorders.
Asperger's Syndrome and Cortical Neuropathology
TLDR
The minicolumnar changes provide a possible link to receptive field abnormalities and a useful clinicopathologic correlate to Asperger's syndrome.
Epidemiologic data on Asperger disorder.
Genome-wide scan for loci of Asperger syndrome
TLDR
The present study is the first genome-wide screen in AS and therefore replication data sets are needed to evaluate further the significance of the AS-loci identified here.
Nosological and Genetic Aspects of Asperger Syndrome
TLDR
The validity of Asperger syndrome (i.e., apart from high-functioning autism) continues to be the topic of considerable debate and there appear to be some important potential differences from autism if both conditions are strictly defined.
Three Diagnostic Approaches to Asperger Syndrome: Implications for Research
TLDR
Diagnostic assignments of AS based on three commonly used approaches have low agreement and lead to different results in comparisons of IQ profiles, patterns of comorbidity, and familial aggregation of psychiatric symptoms across the approach-specific resultant groups of HFA, AS, and PDD-NOS.
A case-control family history study of autism.
TLDR
The findings suggest that the autism phenotype extends beyond autism as traditionally diagnosed; that aetiology involves several genes; that autism is genetically heterogeneous; and that obstetric abnormalities in autistic subjects may derive from abnormality in the foetus.
Field trial for autistic disorder in DSM-IV.
TLDR
Modifications in the ICD-10 definition of autism were made based on data obtained regarding 977 patients with the following clinician-assigned diagnoses: autism, other pervasive developmental disorders, and other disorders.
Is Asperger syndrome/high-functioning autism necessarily a disability?
TLDR
The term “difference” in relation to Asperger syndrome or high-functioning autism is a more neutral, value-free, and fairer description than terms such as “impairment,” “deficiency,’ or “disability” and it is concluded that the term’s use may need to be retained for AS/HFA.
Is asperger syndrome/high-functioning autism necessarily a disability?
This article considers whether Asperger syndrome (AS) or high-functioning autism (HFA) necessarily leads to disability or whether AS/HFA simply leads to “difference.” It concludes that the term
...
1
2
3
4
5
...