What’s “inattentional” about inattentional blindness?

  title={What’s “inattentional” about inattentional blindness?},
  author={Steven B. Most},
  journal={Consciousness and Cognition},
  • S. Most
  • Published 1 December 2010
  • Psychology, Biology
  • Consciousness and Cognition

Minds on the blink: The relationship between inattentional blindness and attentional blink

It is found that “non-noticers” who failed to detect an unexpected stimulus in the IB task also demonstrated a larger AB effect, suggesting that some observers may be more generally susceptible to failures of conscious visual awareness, regardless of specific context.

Inattentional Blindness and Individual Differences in Cognitive Abilities

The results are largely consistent with the notion that noticing unexpected objects is driven more by stochastic processes common to all people than by stable individual differences in cognitive abilities.

An ERP study of inattentional blindness condition

Sometimes we do not notice a salient object while being occupied with some attention-demand- ing task, a phenomenon known as inattentional blindness (IB). Nowadays the question of the ori- gin of IB

Attention capture, processing speed, and inattentional blindness.

The relationship between sustained inattentional blindness and working memory capacity

It appears that any relationship between inattentional blindness and working memory is either too small to have practical significance or is moderated by other factors and consequently varies with attributes such as the sample characteristics within a given study.

Setting sights higher: category-level attentional set modulates sustained inattentional blindness

  • S. Most
  • Psychology
    Psychological research
  • 2013
The experiments in this paper show that people can also establish attentional sets based on semantic categories, and that these high-level attentional set modulate sustained inattentional blindness.

Setting sights higher: category-level attentional set modulates sustained inattentional blindness

  • S. Most
  • Psychology
    Psychological Research
  • 2011
Previous research has shown that inattentional blindness is modulated by how people tune their “attentional set”: the more featurally similar the unexpected object is to what people are trying to



What you see is what you set: sustained inattentional blindness and the capture of awareness.

The authors conclude that many--but not all--aspects of attention capture apply to inattentional blindness but that these 2 classes of phenomena remain importantly distinct.

Misdirection, attention and awareness: Inattentional blindness reveals temporal relationship between eye movements and visual awareness

A magic trick is designed that could be used to investigate how misdirection can prevent people from perceiving a visually salient event, thus offering a novel paradigm to examine inattentional blindness and demonstrates how overt and covert attention can be spatially dissociated.

Inattentional Blindness as a Function of Proximity to the Focus of Attention

This study demonstrates that the effect of distance is similar under conditions of inattention, and suggests that low-level stimulus characteristics (eg location) may play an important role in the detection of unexpected stimuli.

Executive working memory load induces inattentional blindness

The engagement of executive processes impairs the ability to detect unexpected, task-irrelevant stimuli, suggesting that inattentional blindness can result from central, amodal stages of processing.

Gorillas in Our Midst: Sustained Inattentional Blindness for Dynamic Events

A new study builds on classic studies of divided visual attention to examine inattentional blindness for complex objects and events in dynamic scenes and suggests that the likelihood of noticing an unexpected object depends on the similarity of that object to other objects in the display and on how difficult the priming monitoring task is.

Inattentional Blindness

Surprising as it may seem, research shows that we rarely see what we are looking at unless our attention is directed to it. This phenomenon can have serious life-and-death consequences. Although the

Misdirection in magic: Implications for the relationship between eye gaze and attention

Magicians use misdirection to manipulate people's attention in order to prevent their audiences from uncovering their methods. Here we used a prerecorded version of a magic trick to investigate some

Attention without awareness in blindsight

It is shown that attention can confer an advantage in processing stimuli presented at an attended location, without those stimuli entering consciousness, in a blindsight subject.

How not to be Seen: The Contribution of Similarity and Selective Ignoring to Sustained Inattentional Blindness

A new approach to the study of sustained inattentional blindness for dynamic events is presented in order to explore the roles of similarity, distinctiveness, and attentional set in the detection of unexpected objects.

Attention set for number: expectation and perceptual load in inattentional blindness.

These experiments provide compelling evidence that expectations do affect detection of an unexpected stimulus, and are the first to demonstrate that individuals set their attention for the number of items to be detected and are vulnerable to inattentional blindness whenever their primary-task numerical expectation is fulfilled.