What's growing on General Practitioner's stethoscope?

  title={What's growing on General Practitioner's stethoscope?},
  author={A Carducci and Marilisa Cargnelutti and Federico Tassinari and Angela Bizzarro and Gaspare Cordio and Silvia Carletti and Laura Maccarini and Gabriele Pelissero},
  journal={Annali di igiene : medicina preventiva e di comunita},
  volume={28 5},
BACKGROUND Non-critical medical devices, as stethoscopes, have long been considered as vectors in microorganisms' transmission. Cleaning standards for non-critical medical equipment are often unclear. This study was designed to assess the attitude of General Practitioners (GPs) towards cleaning their stethoscope and the degree of microbiological contamination of doctor's instrument in outpatient setting. STUDY DESIGN Observational, crossover study. METHODS A structured questionnaire was… 

Figures and Tables from this paper



Contamination Level of Stethoscopes Used By Physicians and Physician Assistants

The objectives of this study were to identify the degree of bacterial contamination present on stethoscopes used by PAs and physicians in the outpatient setting, identify the reported frequency of stethoscope cleaning by physicians and PAs, and determine whether profession, gender, or years of experience predict the level of bacterial stethoscopic contamination.

Bacterial contamination of stethoscopes used by health workers: public health implications.

Strict adherence to stethoscope disinfection practices by health workers can minimize cross-contamination and ensure improved patient safety in hospital environments.

Stethoscopes: a potential vector of infection?

The stethoscope in the emergency department: a vector of infection?

The isolation of potentially pathogenic microorganisms suggests that the stethoscope must be considered as a potential vector of infection not only in the ED but also in other hospital wards and out-patient clinics.

Could stethoscope be a source of infection

Stethoscopes carry potential pathogens, but staff education and change in stethoscope cleaning habits reduce the risk imposed by the use of this standard piece of medical equipment.

The potential role of stethoscopes as a source of nosocomial infection

Stethoscopes harbor potential pathogens capable of surviving on their surfaces that can act as a vector for transmission of disease, and simple preventive strategies can reduce the disease transmission rate.

The stethoscope and healthcare-associated infection: a snake in the grass or innocent bystander?

Bacterial contamination, bacterial profile and antimicrobial susceptibility pattern of isolates from stethoscopes at Jimma University Specialized Hospital

Bacterial contamination of the stethoscope was significant and the isolates were potential pathogens and resistant to multiple classes of antibiotics.

Update on bacterial nosocomial infections.

Following simple hospital hygienic practices and strictly following standard medical procedures greatly reduces infection to a significant level although not all nosocomial infections are avoidable.

Hosting the unwanted: stethoscope contamination threat.

Stethoscopes represent a vehicle of bacteria and other microorganisms and may play a role in the spread of health -care associated infections (HAIs) and the contamination levels of these instruments were evaluated.