Wetlands and global climate change: the role of wetland restoration in a changing world

  title={Wetlands and global climate change: the role of wetland restoration in a changing world},
  author={Kevin L. Erwin},
  journal={Wetlands Ecology and Management},
Global climate change is recognized as a threat to species survival and the health of natural systems. Scientists worldwide are looking at the ecological and hydrological impacts resulting from climate change. Climate change will make future efforts to restore and manage wetlands more complex. Wetland systems are vulnerable to changes in quantity and quality of their water supply, and it is expected that climate change will have a pronounced effect on wetlands through alterations in… Expand

Tables from this paper

Vulnerability to climate change of hypersaline salt marshes in the Northern Gulf of California
The ecosystem functions and environmental services provided by coastal wetlands are threatened by climate change and other anthropogenic impacts. Assessing the degree of vulnerability and the natureExpand
Future of Wetland Restoration
The future of wetland restoration is filled with uncertainties. Water withdrawals, land conversion to agriculture, eutrophication, shoreline and waterfront development, and climate change, all drivenExpand
Impact of climate change on wetland ecosystems: A critical review of experimental wetlands.
This review paper assesses the potential response of natural wetlands and constructed wetlands to climate change in terms of gas emission and nutrients release and introduced a new framework for conducting a comprehensive mesocosm experiment to address the existing gaps in literature. Expand
Wetlands In a Changing Climate: Science, Policy and Management
Part 1 of this review synthesizes recent research on status and climate vulnerability of freshwater and saltwater wetlands, and their contribution to addressing climate change (carbon cycle,Expand
Effects of climate change on forested wetland soils
Abstract Wetlands are characterized by water at or near the soil surface for all or significant part of the year, are a source for food, fiber and water to society, and because of their position inExpand
Building Resiliency to Climate Change Through Wetland Management and Restoration
Never before has the resiliency of wetland ecosystems to climatic and anthropogenic stressors been more important or more recognized by those who study these unique ecosystems. The goal of thisExpand
Mangrove forests in a rapidly changing world: Global change impacts and conservation opportunities along the Gulf of Mexico coast
Abstract Mangrove forests are highly-productive intertidal wetlands that support many ecosystem goods and services. In addition to providing fish and wildlife habitat, mangrove forests improve waterExpand
Impact of Climate Change on Wetland Functions
Recently, there is a growing interest in the wetland management for biodiversity and preservation of ecosystem. One of the problems of the wetland management is climate change due to the globalExpand
Hydro-climatic changes of wetlandscapes across the world
Investigation of hydro-climatic changes during 1976–2015 in 25 wetlandscapes distributed across the world’s tropical, arid, temperate and cold climate zones shows that the wet landscapes were subject to precipitation (P) and temperature (T) changes consistent with mean changes over the world's land area. Expand
Future wet grasslands: ecological implications of climate change
Abstract Wet grasslands are threatened by future climate change, yet these are vital ecosystems for both conservation and agriculture, providing livelihoods for millions of people. These biologicallyExpand


ABSTRACT: Wetlands exist in a transition zone between aquatic and terrestrial environments which can be altered by subtle changes in hydrology. Twentieth century climate records show that the UnitedExpand
Vulnerability of Northern Prairie Wetlands to Climate Change
Abstract The prairie pothole region (PPR) lies in the heart of North America and contains millions of glacially formed, depressional wetlands embedded in a landscape matrix of natural grassland andExpand
Adapting to climate change: is there scope for ecological management in the face of a global threat?
Summary 1. Climate change is recognized as a major threat to the survival of species and integrity of ecosystems world-wide. Although considerable research has focused on climate impacts, relativelyExpand
Riverine flood plains: present state and future trends
Natural flood plains are among the most biologically productive and diverse ecosystems on earth. Globally, riverine flood plains cover > 2 × 106 km2, however, they are among the most threatenedExpand
High Arctic wetlands: Their occurrence, hydrological characteristics and sustainability
High Arctic wetlands, though limited in occurrence, are an important ecological niche, providing the major vegetated areas in an arid and cold polar desert environment. These wetlands are often foundExpand
There is a limited understanding of the hydrological and microclimatic processes from drained, harvested, or restored peatlands, and by extension the nature of the carbon balance is uncertain.Expand
Implications of global climatic change and energy cost and availability for the restoration of the Mississippi delta
AbstractOver the past several thousand years, inputs from the Mississippi River formed the Mississippi delta, an area of about25,000km 2 . Over the past century, however, there has been a high lossExpand
Template for evaluation of impacts of sea level rise on Caribbean coastal wetlands
Abstract Published predictions of the impacts of sea level rise on mangroves are too simplistic, due to the assumption that ecosystem structure and plant zonation are uniform. Field survey andExpand
Climate change and loss of saltmarshes: consequences for birds
Evidence from southeast England, and elsewhere, indicates that sea-level rise does not necessarily lead to loss of marsh area because marshes accrete vertically and maintain their elevation with respect to sea- level where the supply of sediment is sufficient. Expand
Natural resource management in mitigating climate impacts: the example of mangrove restoration in Vietnam
Abstract The risk that tropical storm occurrence may alter as a result of global warming presents coastal managers, particularly in vulnerable areas, with a serious challenge. Many countries areExpand