Wetland and Stream Buffer Size Requirements-A Review.

  title={Wetland and Stream Buffer Size Requirements-A Review.},
  author={Andrew J. Castelle and A. W. Johnson and Catherine Conolly},
  journal={Journal of environmental quality},
  volume={23 5},
Upland vegetated buffers are widely regarded as being necessary to protect wetlands, streams, and other aquatic resources. Buffer size requirements, however, have typically been established by political acceptability, not scientific merit. This often leads to insufficiently buffered aquatic resources. In order to assist public agencies in formulating appropriate buffer standards, we conducted a literature search of the scientific functions of buffers. The literature search reconfirmed the need… 

Figures from this paper

Design recommendations for riparian corridors and vegetated buffer strips

Abstract : Riparian zones occur as transitional areas between aquatic and upland terrestrial habitats. Although not always well-defined (Fischer et al. 2000), they generally can be described as long,

Reducing sedimentation of depressional wetlands in agricultural landscapes

Depressional wetlands in agricultural landscapes are easily degraded by sediments and contaminants accumulated from their watersheds. Several best management practices can reduce transport of

Aquatic Condition Response to Riparian Buffer Establishment

Abstract Although riparian buffers established along streams in agricultural landscapes are expected to provide water-quality functions similar to natural ecosystems, few studies have documented

How are riparian buffer zones around Swedish headwaters implemented

Riparian zones are the transition zones between aquatic and terrestrial environments. They perform numerous important ecological functions. To protect these functions, keeping riparian buffer zones

A review of the efficiency of buffer strips for the maintenance and enhancement of riparian ecosystems

Vegetative buffer strips are being widely promoted as an effective technique to protect rivers and streams from the negative impacts of adjacent land uses including forestry and agriculture. An

Effects of vegetated buffers on salt marsh plant composition and groundwater nitrogen uptake

Vegetated shoreline buffers are a best management practice to reduce anthropogenic nitrogen influences on estuarine ecology. This study examined the effects of buffers on (1) groundwater chemistry;

The Characteristics of Riparian Buffer Studies

Riparian buffers are vegetated areas along water bodies that serve an array of functions, ranging from water quality protection, soil erosion control, to species preservation. The establishment and

Riparian Buffers as a Critical Landscape Feature: Insights for Riverscape Conservation and Policy Renovations

Riparian zones are critical for functional integrity of riverscapes and conservation of riverscape biodiversity. The synergism of intermediate flood-induced disturbances, moist microclimates,

Effectiveness of vegetation buffers surrounding playa wetlands at contaminant and sediment amelioration.

Riparian Management for Water Quality: The Bear Creek Example

While a considerable body of evidence confirms that exiting vegetated streamside zones can be effective sinks for nonpoint source pollution (Castelle et al. 1994, Osborne and Kovacic 1993, Lowrance