Corpus ID: 5641070

Western models for mental health : A cautionary note

  title={Western models for mental health : A cautionary note},
  author={R. Bentall}


Power failure: why small sample size undermines the reliability of neuroscience
It is shown that the average statistical power of studies in the neurosciences is very low, and the consequences include overestimates of effect size and low reproducibility of results. Expand
Testing the psychopathology of psychosis: evidence for a general psychosis dimension.
The findings provide strong evidence for a general psychosis dimension in both early and enduring psychosis, and may inform the current debate about revised classification systems of psychosis. Expand
Childhood Adversities Increase the Risk of Psychosis: A Meta-analysis of Patient-Control, Prospective- and Cross-sectional Cohort Studies
It is shown that childhood adversity is strongly associated with increased risk for psychosis and population attributable risk was 33% (16%–47%). Expand
Psychiatry, the pharmaceutical industry, and the road to better therapeutics.
  • H. Fibiger
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Schizophrenia bulletin
  • 2012
In order to recapture industry’s investment in psychiatric drug development, major changes in psychiatry will need to take place, and expanded investment in neuroscience is needed. Expand
Clinical relevance of findings in trials of antipsychotics: systematic review
The findings show improvements of limited clinical relevance, with most drugs reaching ‘minimal improvement’ on the BPRS, but few reached that level for PANSS. Expand
Social risk or genetic liability for psychosis? A study of children born in Sweden and reared by adoptive parents.
The results indicate that children reared in families with a disadvantaged socioeconomic position have an increased risk for psychosis, and there is some support for an interaction effect, suggesting that social disadvantage increases this risk more in children with genetic liability for psychosis. Expand
Systematic reviews of categorical versus continuum models in psychosis: evidence for discontinuous subpopulations underlying a psychometric continuum. Implications for DSM-V, DSM-VI, and DSM-VII.
Evidence on the epidemiology of schizophrenia phenotypes and evidence on the population structure are beset by methodological limitations that point unequivocally to the need to move beyond current diagnostic conceptualizations, observation, and anamnesis of psychosis, and toward responsive and scientifically refutable formulations of schizophrenia. Expand
Combining dimensional and categorical representation of psychosis: the way forward for DSM-V and ICD-11?
Categorical and dimensional representations of psychosis are complementary, and using both appears to be a promising strategy in conceptualising psychotic illnesses. Expand
Common genetic determinants of schizophrenia and bipolar disorder in Swedish families: a population-based study
Evidence is shown that schizophrenia and bipolar disorder partly share a common genetic cause, which is consistent with a reappraisal of these disorders as distinct diagnostic entities. Expand
Initial Severity and Antidepressant Benefits: A Meta-Analysis of Data Submitted to the Food and Drug Administration
Drug–placebo differences in antidepressant efficacy increase as a function of baseline severity, but are relatively small even for severely depressed patients. Expand