West Nile virus-associated encephalitis in recipients of renal and pancreas transplants: case series and literature review.

@article{Ravindra2004WestNV,
  title={West Nile virus-associated encephalitis in recipients of renal and pancreas transplants: case series and literature review.},
  author={Kadiyala V. Ravindra and Alison G. Freifeld and Andre C. Kalil and David F. Mercer and Wendy J. Grant and Jean Frederick Botha and Lucile E. Wrenshall and Robert B. Stevens},
  journal={Clinical infectious diseases : an official publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America},
  year={2004},
  volume={38 9},
  pages={1257-60}
}
Although West Nile fever is mild in the vast majority of infected persons, there is growing evidence that the disease may be more severe in the immunocompromised population. We describe 3 recipients of kidney or pancreas transplants who developed West Nile fever, 2 of whom had meningoencephalitis. As is the norm when treating serious infections in transplant recipients, a reduction of immunosuppression was pursued for these patients. Despite the severe nature of the disease in 2 patients, all… CONTINUE READING