West Nile Virus Encephalitis and Myocarditis in Wolf and Dog

@inproceedings{Lichtensteiger2003WestNV,
  title={West Nile Virus Encephalitis and Myocarditis in Wolf and Dog},
  author={Carol A. Lichtensteiger and Kathleen Heinz-Taheny and Tanasa S. Osborne and Robert J. Novak and Beth A. Lewis and Margaret L. Firth},
  booktitle={Emerging infectious diseases},
  year={2003}
}
S its 1999 introduction in New York, West Nile virus (WNV) has spread to >40 states, causing seasonal mosquito-borne disease in humans, horses, and birds (1–7). We recently identified two Illinois canids (a captive wolf and a domestic dog) with severe disease associated with WNV infection. Outside the Western Hemisphere, WNV has been endemic for decades (4,8–11). Canids have not been thought to be important in the epidemiology of this virus. However, a dog with neurologic disease that died in… CONTINUE READING
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