Were the Qays and Yemen of the Umayyad Period Political Parties?

@inproceedings{Crone1994WereTQ,
  title={Were the Qays and Yemen of the Umayyad Period Political Parties?},
  author={Patricia Gould Crone},
  year={1994}
}
In this introduction to vol. xxiv of the Bibliotheca Persica Tabari translation David Powers expresses the view that "Although scholars disagree over whether the terms "Qays" and "Yaman" refer to tribal confederations, political parties, or interest groups, it is generally accepted that the Qays stood for the expansion of the empire and the exclusion of non-Arab clients, while the Yaman criticized the policy of expansion and advocated equal status for Arab Muslims and non-Arab converts to Islam… 
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