Well-to-refinery emissions and net-energy analysis of China’s crude-oil supply

  title={Well-to-refinery emissions and net-energy analysis of China’s crude-oil supply},
  author={Mohammad S. Masnadi and Hassan M. El-Houjeiri and Dominik Schunack and Yunpo Li and Samori O. Roberts and Steven Victor Przesmitzki and Adam R. Brandt and Michael Q. Wang},
  journal={Nature Energy},
Oil is China’s second-largest energy source, so it is essential to understand the country’s greenhouse gas emissions from crude-oil production. Chinese crude supply is sourced from numerous major global petroleum producers. Here, we use a per-barrel well-to-refinery life-cycle analysis model with data derived from hundreds of public and commercial sources to model the Chinese crude mix and the upstream carbon intensities and energetic productivity of China’s crude supply. We generate a carbon… 
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