Weight fluctuations could increase blood pressure in android obese women.

@article{Guagnano1999WeightFC,
  title={Weight fluctuations could increase blood pressure in android obese women.},
  author={M. Guagnano and V. Pace-Palitti and C. Carrabs and D. Merlitti and S. Sensi},
  journal={Clinical science},
  year={1999},
  volume={96 6},
  pages={
          677-80
        }
}
Recent studies have documented a relationship between increased morbidity and mortality from cardiovascular diseases and a history of weight cycling (WC) in obese subjects. We performed a cross-sectional analysis in 96 weight-cycling android obese women, matched with 96 non-weight-cycling android obese women by age, body mass index (BMI) and waist-to-hip ratio (WHR), to evaluate any increase in blood pressure (BP) levels in association with WC. The patients were all between 20 and 45 years old… Expand
Risk factors for hypertension in obese women. The role of weight cycling
TLDR
Findings could support the hypothesis that it is the combined exposure of central-type obesity and WC that strongly raises the risk of hypertension among obese women. Expand
Weight cycling in adults with severe obesity: A longitudinal study
TLDR
The absence of negative physical and psychological effects of weight cycling indicates that the risk of weight regain should not be a barrier to encouraging weight loss efforts in patients with severe obesity. Expand
Weight cycling during growth and beyond as a risk factor for later cardiovascular diseases: the ‘repeated overshoot’ theory
TLDR
There is mounting evidence from large population studies for increased cardiovascular risks in response to a behavior of weight cycling and potential mechanisms by which weight cycling contributes to cardiovascular morbidity include hypertension, visceral fat accumulation, changes in adipose tissue fatty acid composition, insulin resistance and dyslipidemia. Expand
Fatness and Fluctuating Body Weight: Effect on Central Vasculature
TLDR
Weight Cycling may increase visceral fat accumulation, which was associated with increased central SBP and measures of arterial stiffness, and primary predictors of these outcomes were assessed. Expand
Weight Loss and Biomedical Health Improvement on a Very Low Calorie Diet: The Moderating Role of History of Weight Cycling
TLDR
More intensive, longer term, and explicit maintenance components, especially aimed at individuals with multiple weight loss-regain episodes, may be necessary to facilitate weight loss and attain optimal health benefits from VLCDs. Expand
Body mass index and short-term weight change in relation to mortality in Dutch women after age 50 y.
TLDR
Mortality was highest for women in the highest BMI quartile (> or =27.77) and extreme weight gain or weight loss within 1 y was not statistically significantly associated with subsequent higher mortality. Expand
Non-pharmacological treatment of hypertension in women.
  • F. Costa
  • Medicine
  • Journal of hypertension. Supplement : official journal of the International Society of Hypertension
  • 2002
TLDR
Reducing salt intake, an increase in physical activity and body weight reduction have been clearly demonstrated to be effective in reducing blood pressure values in women and olive oil seems to be particularly helpful since it is able to produce significant blood pressure reductions, which are greater than those observed with sunflower oil. Expand
Does weight cycling promote obesity and metabolic risk factors?
TLDR
The available evidence so far suggests that there is little detrimental effect of weight cycling on current and future obesity and metabolic risk, and therefore weight loss efforts in individuals with overweight/obesity should continue to be encouraged. Expand
Yo-yo dieting in African American women: weight cycling and health.
TLDR
African American women are at risk for weight cycling and it may be associated with greater weight and poorer measures of psychological health. Expand
Body size, weight cycling, and risk of renal cell carcinoma among postmenopausal women: the Women's Health Initiative (United States).
TLDR
Examination of the role of obesity, especially abdominal obesity, and weight cycling in relation to risk of renal cell carcinoma among postmenopausal women indicates that weight cycling is independently associated with further increased risk of this malignancy. Expand
...
1
2
3
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 22 REFERENCES
Weight cycling and cardiovascular risk factors in obese men and women.
TLDR
It is concluded that warnings about the health hazards of repeated dieting may be premature and the hypothesis that weight cycling increased cardiovascular risk factors in either men or women is not supported. Expand
A prospective study of effects of weight cycling on cardiovascular risk factors.
TLDR
This study showed no negative effects of weight cycling on cardiovascular risk factors and confirmed previous findings of positive effects ofweight loss on risk factors, therefore, overweight individuals should be encouraged to lose weight and then maintain their weight loss. Expand
Weight cycling and fat distribution.
TLDR
It was found that a higher WHR was significantly associated with a higher degree of weight cycling, controlling for age and parity, and this suggests that repeated bouts of weight loss and regain may promote abdominal adiposity and consequently, may contribute to long-term health risks. Expand
The prevalence of hypertension in gynaecoid and android obese women.
TLDR
The number of hypertensive subjects in younger obese subjects with gynaecoid fat distribution is similar to non-obese subjects who are age-adjusted, but the data confirm that the prevalence of hypertension in android type of obesity is significantly higher than in non-Obese subjects. Expand
Biobehavioral effects of weight cycling.
TLDR
It was concluded that, in generally healthy young women, weight cycling does not differentially increase risk factors that are harmful for health, however adverse effects might still be detectable in situations where women are biologically challenged. Expand
Relationship of body fat distribution to blood pressure, carbohydrate tolerance, and plasma lipids in healthy obese women.
TLDR
It is concluded that in healthy, obese women, a continuum exists that relates increasing fat accumulation in the upper body to progressively higher blood pressure, reduced carbohydrate tolerance, and higher plasma insulin concentrations. Expand
Variability of body weight and health outcomes in the Framingham population.
TLDR
It is found that the positive associations between fluctuations in body weight and end points related to mortality and coronary heart disease could not be attributed to these potential confounding factors, independent of obesity and the trend of body weight over time. Expand
Abdominal adipose tissue distribution, obesity, and risk of cardiovascular disease and death: 13 year follow up of participants in the study of men born in 1913.
TLDR
Results indicate that in middle aged men the distribution of fat deposits may be a better predictor of cardiovascular disease and death than the degree of adiposity. Expand
Body Weight Change, All-Cause Mortality, and Cause-specific Mortality in the Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial
TLDR
This study was designed to test the hypothesis that weight change is associated with an increased risk for all-cause and cause-specific mortality in a group of men participating in a longitudinal study for whom frequent weights were available and permitted a more sensitive measure of weight variability than had been available in previous studies. Expand
Weight cycling — a ‘new’ risk factor?
TLDR
An interesting pattern seems to emerge and a possible causal relationship between weight cycling and reduced energy needs has been suggested. Expand
...
1
2
3
...