Weight Discrimination: A Multidisciplinary Analysis

  title={Weight Discrimination: A Multidisciplinary Analysis},
  author={Cheryl L. Maranto and Ann Fraedrich Stenoien},
  journal={Employee Responsibilities and Rights Journal},
Protection against obesity discrimination is extremely limited under the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA). No obese plaintiff has won using the actual disability theory, but a few have won under the “perceived disability” theory. Weight-related appearance standards are legal. We estimate weight-based wage penalties for young men and women. We find that mildly obese (20% over standard weight) white women experience greater wage penalties than black men experience for weight that is 100… 
Fat Women Need Not Apply: Employment Weight Discrimination Against Women
With increased obesity rates in the United States, there are more overweight adults facing weight discrimination in employment. Studies show that overweight women are more likely to face employment
Weighing in on Weight Discrimination Against Females of Different Races
With increased obesity rates, more individuals are likely to experience weight-related employment discrimination. In this 2 (weight) by 3 (race) design, overweight female job applicants received
Sex Differences in Perceived Weight-Based Employment Discrimination When Weight Discrimination is Illegal
The reported study explores sex differences in both overt and subtle forms of perceived weight discrimination in employment using original data from a telephone survey of 1,010 randomly selected
The Stigma of Obesity: A Review and Update
This review expands upon previous findings of weight bias in major domains of living, documents new areas where weight bias has been studied, and highlights ongoing research questions that need to be addressed to advance this field of study.
Weight Discrimination in the American Workplace: Ethical Issues and Analysis
Research providing consistent evidence of pervasive discrimination against overweight job applicants and employees in the American workplace raises important questions for organizational
Is Fat a Feminist Issue? Exploring the Gendered Nature of Weight Bias
Although research and scholarship on weight-based stigma have increased substantially in recent years, the disproportionate degree of bias experienced by fat women has received considerably less
Multiple Threat: Overweight/Obese Women in the Workplace
Within the organizational stereotype threat literature, the majority of studies have focused on gender, race, age, and sexuality. One neglected area of increasing concern is that of overweight/obese
Weight discrimination and the glass ceiling effect among top US CEOs
Compared to the general US population, overweight and obese women are significantly underrepresented in among top female CEOs and among top male CEOs.
General Self-Efficacy and Body Weight: The Role of Race and Gender
It is suggested that body weight is unrelated to general self-efficacy in the population writ large and thatBody weight is differentially related to self- efficacy based on race but not gender.
Shrinking Budgets and Expanding Bodies: Battling Obesity When the Economic Belt is Tight
This article uses socioeconomic life course models to organize the issues surrounding obesity, striving to illustrate how community, social, and intergenerational factors, compounded over the course of a lifetime, increase risk, particularly among poor, minority, and otherwise under resourced communities.


Shape up or ship out? Employment discrimination against the overweight
The background and legal framework of discrimination against the overweight is reviewed and some guidelines for avoiding such charges are offered.
The stigma of obesity: the consequences of naive assumptions concerning the causes of physical deviance.
  • W. DeJong
  • Medicine
    Journal of health and social behavior
  • 1980
It was demonstrated that unless the obese target could offer an "excuse" for her weight, such as a glandular disorder, or could report recent successful weight loss, she was given a less positive evaluation, and was less liked, than was a normal-weight target.
Employee appearance and the Americans with Disabilities Act: An emerging issue?
The recent passage of the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), considered the most far-reaching civil rights legislation since the Civil Rights Act of 1964, promises to raise demanding new
The stigma of overweight: affective consequences of attributional ambiguity.
Dimensions of stigma that may account for differences in the tendency to attribute negative outcomes to prejudice, and implications for weight loss programs and psychotherapy for the overweight, are discussed.
The Ideology of Anti‐Fat Attitudes1
We surveyed over 1,000 undergraduates about their attitudes toward fatness and fat people. A consistent pattern of attitudes emerged: People who were anti-fat shared an ideologically conservative
The Uniformity of Children's Attitudes toward Physical Disabilities
A study by Richardson, Goodman, Hastorf, and Dornbusch (1961), reporting remarkable uniformity of children's attitudes toward physical disability, was in part replicated by the study reported in this article, which suggests that the attempt to posit a basic cultural uniformity in the ranking of these six pictures may have been in error.
The relationship between body weight and mortality: a quantitative analysis of combined information from existing studies.
This quantitative analysis of existing studies revealed increased mortality at moderately low BMI for white men comparable to that observed at extreme overweight, which does not appear to be due to smoking or existing disease.
Community Foods, Inc. 2 AD Cases 1188 (Calif
  • SupCt
  • 1993