5-Fluorouracil induces inflammation and oxidative stress in the major salivary glands affecting salivary flow and saliva composition.
PURPOSE Since the prognosis of recurrent ovarian cancer patients is still poor, we need to establish a useful treatment strategy to achieve their long-term survival. We treated recurrent ovarian cancer patients with weekly paclitaxel (PTX)/5-fluorouracil (5-FU) followed by platinum retreatment to investigate its clinical efficacy in a preliminary manner. METHODS Sixteen patients with recurrent ovarian cancer, pretreated with taxane and platinum, were treated with weekly paclitaxel (PTX)/5-fluorouracil (FU). PTX (80 mg/m2) on day 1, 8, and 15 was combined with a bolus injection of 5-FU (500 mg/m2) on day 2, 9, and 16. Chemotherapy was given every four weeks. Patients with stable disease or progressive disease were subsequently retreated with a platinum-containing regimen. Response was evaluated by RECIST criteria or CA125 criteria. Toxicities were evaluated according to the National Cancer Institute-common toxicity criteria (NCI-CTC) version 3. RESULTS Among five patients with sensitive disease, one of four patients with measurable tumor and one without measurable tumor responded to weekly PTX/5-FU. Among 11 patients with resistant disease, none of five patients with measurable tumor and three of six patients without measurable tumor responded to weekly PTX/5-FU. Overall objective response rate by weekly PTX/5-FU was 31.3% (5/16). Among 16 patients, 13 patients who showed no response or progressive disease (three with sensitive disease, ten with resistant disease) received platinum retreatment after weekly PTX/5FU. All three patients with sensitive disease and three of ten patients with resistant disease revealed response to platinum retreatment. Overall objective response rate by platinum retreatment after weekly PTX/5-FU was 46.2% (6/13). CONCLUSIONS Weekly PTX/5FU followed by platinum retreatment could be a useful treatment strategy for recurrent ovarian cancer patients. We need to establish the standard treatment strategy for recurrent ovarian cancer patients with a poor prognosis.