Wearable sensors: can they benefit patients with chronic kidney disease?

Abstract

INTRODUCTION This article ponders upon wearable medical measurement devices in relation to Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) and its' associated comorbidities - and whether these might benefit CKD-patients. We aimed to map the intersection(s) of nephrology and wearable sensor technology to help technologists understand medical aspects, and clinicians to understand technological possibilities that are available (or soon will become so). Areas covered: A structured literature search on main comorbidities and complications CKD patients suffer from, was used to steer mini-reviews on wearable sensor technologies clustered around 3 themes being: Cardiovascular-related, diabetes-related and physical fitness/frailty. This review excludes wearable dialysis - although also strongly enabled by miniaturization - because that highly important theme deserves separate in-depth reviewing. Expert commentary: Continuous progress in integrated electronics miniaturization enormously lowered price, size, weight and energy consumption of electronic sensors, processing power, memory and wireless connectivity. These combined factors boost opportunities for wearable medical sensors. Such devices can be regarded as enablers for: Remote monitoring, influencing human behaviour (exercise, dietary), enhanced home care, remote consults, patient education and peer networks. However, to make wearable medical devices succeed, the challenge to fit them into health care structures will be dominant over the challenge to realize the bare technologies themselves.

DOI: 10.1080/17434440.2017.1342533

Cite this paper

@article{Wieringa2017WearableSC, title={Wearable sensors: can they benefit patients with chronic kidney disease?}, author={Fokko Wieringa and Natascha Juliana Hendrika Broers and Jeroen Peter Kooman and Frank M. van der Sande and Chris Van Hoof}, journal={Expert review of medical devices}, year={2017}, volume={14 7}, pages={505-519} }