Wearable Neural Prostheses

  title={Wearable Neural Prostheses},
  author={S. Micera and T. Keller and M. Lawrence and M. Morari and D. Popovi{\'c}},
  journal={IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Magazine},
In this article, we focus on the least invasive interface: transcutaneous ES (TES), i.e., the use of surface electrodes as an interface between the stimulator and sensory-motor systems. TES is delivered by a burst of short electrical charge pulses applied between pairs of electrodes positioned on the skin. Monophasic or charge-balanced biphasic (symmetric or asymmetric) stimulation pulses can be delivered. The latter ones have the advantage to provide contraction force while minimizing tissue… Expand
41 Citations
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