Weapons of choice

  title={Weapons of choice},
  author={Axel Dreher and Merle Kreibaum},
  journal={Journal of Peace Research},
  pages={539 - 553}
This article investigates the effect of natural resources on whether ethno-political groups choose to pursue their goals with nonviolent as compared to violent means, distinguishing terrorism from insurgencies. It is hypothesized that whether or not the extraction of fossil fuels sparks violence depends both on the group’s characteristics and the state’s reaction. Data are taken from the Minorities at Risk Organizational Behavior (MAROB) project, covering 118 organizations in 13 countries of… 

Oil and terrorism: an investigation of mediators

Do states with oil wealth experience more terrorism and, if so, why? Drawing from the intrastate war literature, this study considers several factors that prospectively mediate the relationship

Is government decentralization useful in the fight against domestic terrorism? A cross-country analysis

This article examines the link between government decentralization and domestic terrorism in 65 countries over the period 1976–2009. The results show the existence of a U-shaped relationship between

Ethnicity and civil war

If a civil war begins, it is more likely to be initiated by an ethnic group than any other type of group. We argue that ethnic groups, on average, are likely to have more grievances against the

Resource Wealth as Leverage: Natural Resources and the Failure of Non-Violent Campaigns

Abstract While the growing body of research on non-violent political movements centres on the idea that choosing non-violence tends to produce more favourable outcomes for dissidents, the question of

Political economy and national security implications of resource-based conflicts in Nigeria

ABSTRACT Natural resource-based conflicts continue to occur in different parts of Nigeria with negative implications. This study investigated the phenomena of natural resource conflicts vis-à-vis

“We Have Captured Your Women”: Explaining Jihadist Norm Change

Abstract In recent years, jihadists across the world have transformed their gendered violence, shocking the world by breaking from prior taboos and even celebrating abuses that they had previously

A Global Analysis of Water-Related Terrorism, 1970–2016

ABSTRACT Terrorist organizations destabilize governments through violent and coercive acts that include the use of water resources as a target. Scholars in security studies recognize water as a

Terrorism, Freshwater, and Environmental Pollution: Evidence of Afghanistan, Burkina Faso, Iraq, Arab Republic of Egypt, Cameroon, Mali, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Somalia, Syrian Arab Republic, and Pakistan

Nowadays, the world is facing many important problems, including terrorism, drinkingwater supply problems, and environmental pollution, which have strong impacts on the sustainable development. In

Building the Future Air Force: Analysis of Platform versus Weapon Development

Abstract : This monograph proposes that platform development and employment is more important than weapon development and employment on the modern battlefield. The historical analysis examines the



Gender ideologies and forms of contentious mobilization in the Middle East

This article explores those factors that shape a political organization’s choice of tactics in political mobilization with a particular focus on the influence of gender ideology on the choice of

The devil's excrement as social cement: natural resources and political terror, 1980–2002

Using a direct measure of repression of dissent, we find ample evidence to suggest that energy and mineral wealth strongly predict higher levels of political terror, results that are both

Poverty, minority economic discrimination, and domestic terrorism

Recognizing that the empirical literature of the past several years has produced an inconclusive picture, this study revisits the relationship between poverty and terrorism and suggests a new factor

Ethnic Politics and Armed Conflict: A Configurational Analysis of a New Global Data Set

Quantitative scholarship on civil wars has long debated whether ethnic diversity breeds armed conflict. We go beyond this debate and show that highly diverse societies are not more conflict prone.

Do Terrorists Win? Rebels' Use of Terrorism and Civil War Outcomes

  • V. P. Fortna
  • Political Science, Sociology
    International Organization
  • 2015
Abstract How effective is terrorism? This question has generated lively scholarly debate and is of obvious importance to policy-makers. However, most existing studies of terrorism are not well

No Extraction without Representation: Petroleum Production and Ethnonationalist Conflict

Studies that connect natural resource extraction with the outbreak of civil war have typically excluded grievances from their explanations. In contrast, we propose an integrated mechanism that


This paper analyses the number of terrorist attacks and their outcomes in the period 1997–2004. We investigate the hypotheses that deprivation is the underlying cause of terrorism and that

The Roots of Islamist Armed Struggle

This contribution studies the influence of poor politico-economic factors, unfavorable demographic conditions, globalization and the perceived dependency of the Islamic world from the West on the

Structural Causes of Oppositional Political Terrorism: Towards a Causal Model

The most prominent causes of oppositional political terrorism can be explained by three categories of theories: structural, psychological, and rational choice. While structural variables are most

Ethnicity and civil war

If a civil war begins, it is more likely to be initiated by an ethnic group than any other type of group. We argue that ethnic groups, on average, are likely to have more grievances against the