Weapons of choice

  title={Weapons of choice},
  author={Axel Dreher and Merle Kreibaum},
  journal={Journal of Peace Research},
  pages={539 - 553}
This article investigates the effect of natural resources on whether ethno-political groups choose to pursue their goals with nonviolent as compared to violent means, distinguishing terrorism from insurgencies. It is hypothesized that whether or not the extraction of fossil fuels sparks violence depends both on the group’s characteristics and the state’s reaction. Data are taken from the Minorities at Risk Organizational Behavior (MAROB) project, covering 118 organizations in 13 countries of… 
Oil and terrorism: an investigation of mediators
Do states with oil wealth experience more terrorism and, if so, why? Drawing from the intrastate war literature, this study considers several factors that prospectively mediate the relationship
Ethnicity and civil war
If a civil war begins, it is more likely to be initiated by an ethnic group than any other type of group. We argue that ethnic groups, on average, are likely to have more grievances against the
Resource Wealth as Leverage: Natural Resources and the Failure of Non-Violent Campaigns
Abstract While the growing body of research on non-violent political movements centres on the idea that choosing non-violence tends to produce more favourable outcomes for dissidents, the question of
Political economy and national security implications of resource-based conflicts in Nigeria
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“We Have Captured Your Women”: Explaining Jihadist Norm Change
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A Global Analysis of Water-Related Terrorism, 1970–2016
ABSTRACT Terrorist organizations destabilize governments through violent and coercive acts that include the use of water resources as a target. Scholars in security studies recognize water as a
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This article examines the link between government decentralization and domestic terrorism in 65 countries over the period 1976–2009. The results show the existence of a U-shaped relationship between


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Ethnicity, Insurgency, and Civil War
An influential conventional wisdom holds that civil wars proliferated rapidly with the end of the Cold War and that the root cause of many or most of these has been ethnic and religious antagonisms.
The devil's excrement as social cement: natural resources and political terror, 1980–2002
Using a direct measure of repression of dissent, we find ample evidence to suggest that energy and mineral wealth strongly predict higher levels of political terror, results that are both
Ethnic Politics and Armed Conflict: A Configurational Analysis of a New Global Data Set
Quantitative scholarship on civil wars has long debated whether ethnic diversity breeds armed conflict. We go beyond this debate and show that highly diverse societies are not more conflict prone.
Do Terrorists Win? Rebels' Use of Terrorism and Civil War Outcomes
  • V. P. Fortna
  • Political Science, Sociology
    International Organization
  • 2015
Abstract How effective is terrorism? This question has generated lively scholarly debate and is of obvious importance to policy-makers. However, most existing studies of terrorism are not well
No Extraction without Representation: Petroleum Production and Ethnonationalist Conflict
Studies that connect natural resource extraction with the outbreak of civil war have typically excluded grievances from their explanations. In contrast, we propose an integrated mechanism that
This paper analyses the number of terrorist attacks and their outcomes in the period 1997–2004. We investigate the hypotheses that deprivation is the underlying cause of terrorism and that
The Roots of Islamist Armed Struggle
This contribution studies the influence of poor politico-economic factors, unfavorable demographic conditions, globalization and the perceived dependency of the Islamic world from the West on the
Structural Causes of Oppositional Political Terrorism: Towards a Causal Model
The most prominent causes of oppositional political terrorism can be explained by three categories of theories: structural, psychological, and rational choice. While structural variables are most
Ethnicity and civil war
If a civil war begins, it is more likely to be initiated by an ethnic group than any other type of group. We argue that ethnic groups, on average, are likely to have more grievances against the