Weakly Nonlinear Density-velocity Relation

  • Ewa L. LOKAS
  • Published 2008


We rigorously derive weakly nonlinear relation between cosmic density and velocity fields up to third order in perturbation theory. The density field is described by the mass density contrast, δ. The velocity field is described by the variable θ proportional to the velocity divergence, θ = −f(Ω)−1H 0 ∇ · v, where f(Ω) ≃ Ω, Ω is the cosmological density parameter and H0 is the Hubble constant. Our calculations show that mean δ given θ is a third order polynomial in θ, 〈δ〉|θ = a1θ + a2(θ − σ θ) + a3θ. This result constitutes an extension of the formula 〈δ〉|θ = θ+a2(θ−σ θ), found by Bernardeau (1992) which involved second order perturbative solutions. Third order perturbative corrections introduce the cubic term. They also, however, cause the coefficient a1 to depart from unity, in contrast with the linear theory prediction. We compute the values of the coefficients ap for scale-free power spectra, as well as for standard CDM, for Gaussian smoothing. The coefficients obey a hierarchy a3 ≪ a2 ≪ a1, meaning that the perturbative series converges very fast. Their dependence on Ω is expected to be very weak. The values of the coefficients for CDM spectrum are in qualitative agreement with the results of N-body simulations by Ganon et al. (1996). The results provide a method for breaking the Ω-bias degeneracy in comparisons of cosmic density and velocity fields such as IRAS-POTENT.

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Cite this paper

@inproceedings{LOKAS2008WeaklyND, title={Weakly Nonlinear Density-velocity Relation}, author={Ewa L. LOKAS}, year={2008} }