Waves of larch budmoth outbreaks in the European alps.

@article{Bjrnstad2002WavesOL,
  title={Waves of larch budmoth outbreaks in the European alps.},
  author={Ottar N. Bj\ornstad and Mikko S. Peltonen and Andrew M Liebhold and Werner Baltensweiler},
  journal={Science},
  year={2002},
  volume={298 5595},
  pages={1020-3}
}
Spatially extended population models predict complex spatiotemporal patterns, such as spiral waves and spatial chaos, as a result of the reaction-diffusion dynamics that arise from trophic interactions. However, examples of such patterns in ecological systems are scarce. We develop a quantitative technique to demonstrate the existence of waves in Central European larch budmoth (Zeiraphera diniana Gn.) outbreaks. We show that these waves travel toward the northeast-east at 210 kilometers per… CONTINUE READING

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