Waterpipe smoke: source of toxic and carcinogenic VOCs, phenols and heavy metals?

  title={Waterpipe smoke: source of toxic and carcinogenic VOCs, phenols and heavy metals?},
  author={Jens Schubert and Frederic D. M{\"u}ller and Roman Schmidt and Andreas Luch and Thomas Gerhard Schulz},
  journal={Archives of Toxicology},
The use of the waterpipe, a traditional aid for the consumption of tobacco, has spread worldwide and is steadily increasing especially among the youth. On the other hand, there is a lack of knowledge regarding the composition of mainstream waterpipe smoke and the toxicological risks associated with this kind of smoking habit. Using a standardized machine smoking protocol, mainstream waterpipe smoke was generated and further analyzed for twelve volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and eight… CONTINUE READING


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