Water-soluble dietary fibers and cardiovascular disease

@article{Theuwissen2008WatersolubleDF,
  title={Water-soluble dietary fibers and cardiovascular disease},
  author={Elke Theuwissen and Ronald P. Mensink},
  journal={Physiology \& Behavior},
  year={2008},
  volume={94},
  pages={285-292}
}
Lipid Lowering with Soluble Dietary Fiber
TLDR
Findings include that consumption of water-soluble, viscous-forming fibers can reduce total and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels by about 5–10 %; and medium to high molecular weight fibers are more effective in reducing lipid levels.
Effects of soluble dietary fiber on low-density lipoprotein cholesterol and coronary heart disease risk
  • L. Bazzano
  • Medicine
    Current atherosclerosis reports
  • 2008
TLDR
These studies, along with recent analyses of ongoing prospective cohort studies, have provided new insights into the probable protective role of dietary fiber in the development of coronary heart disease and other cardiovascular diseases.
Influence of food components on lipid metabolism: scenarios and perspective on the control and prevention of dyslipidemias
TLDR
Diet is an important tool for the prevention and control of cardiovascular diseases, and should be taken into account as a whole, i.e., not only the food components that modulate plasma concentrations of lipoproteins, but also the diet content of macro nutrients and micronutrients should be considered.
Dietary Fiber and Hyperlipidemia and Cardiovascular Disease
TLDR
In this chapter, emphasis is placed on the use of dietary patterns to reduce the risk of CVD, as well as the modulation of intestinal microbiota by the dietary fiber.
Mechanisms underlying the cholesterol-lowering properties of soluble dietary fibre polysaccharides.
TLDR
Three potential physicochemical mechanisms are proposed together with suggestions for in vitro experiments to test them and the nature of interactions between bile salt micelles and SDF that lead to incomplete BS re-absorption are poorly defined.
The role of soluble fiber intake in patients under highly effective lipid-lowering therapy
TLDR
Among subjects treated with highly effective lipid-lowering therapy, the intake of 25 g of fibers added favorable effects, mainly by reducing phytosterolemia, and additional benefits include improvement in blood glucose and anthropometric parameters.
Therapeutic effects of soluble dietary fiber consumption on type 2 diabetes mellitus.
TLDR
It is suggested that increased and regular consumption of soluble DF led to significant improvements in blood glucose levels, insulin resistance and metabolic profiles, without improving the secretory function of the islets of Langerhans, over a short-term intervention period in patients with DM2.
Flaxseed dietary fibers lower cholesterol and increase fecal fat excretion, but magnitude of effect depend on food type
TLDR
Both Flax drink and Flax bread resulted in decreased plasma total and LDL-cholesterol and increased fat excretion, but the food matrix and/or processing may be of importance.
Role of naturally-occurring plant sterols on intestinal cholesterol absorption and plasmatic levels
TLDR
Recent studies show that phytosterols present in natural food matrices are also effective and could be an important component of cardioprotective dietary patterns such as the Mediterranean diet.
Insoluble Carob Fiber Rich in Polyphenols Lowers Total and LDL Cholesterol in Hypercholesterolemic Sujects
TLDR
The consumption of fiber very rich in insoluble polyphenols shows beneficial effects on human blood lipid profile and may be effective in prevention and treatment of hyperlipemia.
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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TLDR
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Oat-derived β-Glucan Significantly Improves HDLC and Diminishes LDLC and Non-HDL Cholesterol in Overweight Individuals With Mild Hypercholesterolemia
TLDR
Six grams of β-glucan from oats added to the AHA Step II diet and moderate physical activity improved lipid profile and caused a decrease in weight and, thus, reduced the risk of cardiovascular events in overweight male individuals with mild to moderate hypercholesterolemia.
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