Water photonics, non-linearity, and anomalously large electro-optic coefficients in poled silica fibers

  title={Water photonics, non-linearity, and anomalously large electro-optic coefficients in poled silica fibers},
  author={John Canning},
  journal={MRS Communications},
  • J. Canning
  • Published 6 November 2017
  • Physics
  • MRS Communications
A review of the literature offers an explanation for the large anomalous electro-optic (e.o.) effect reported by Fujiwara et al . in 1994. It is based on the large e.o. coefficient of ordered water at an interface measured in recent years >1000 pm/V. More broadly, the concept of water-based photonics, where water could be a new platform material for devices and systems, is introduced, suggesting that liquid states of matter can allow ready shaping and exploitation of many processes in ways not… 

Figures from this paper

Optical hoovering on plasmonic rinks

Excitation of surface waves on conducting materials provides a near resistance-free interface capable of a material glissade either by plasmon forces or optical beam tractors. Analogous to an ice

A Cross-Disciplinary View of Testing and Bioinformatic Analysis of SARS-CoV-2 and Other Human Respiratory Viruses in Pandemic Settings

This review brings together key aspects required to create an entire global diagnostic ecosystem including addressing ethical standards, local, national and international collaborative engagement, multidisciplinary and analytical measurements and standards, and data handling and storage protocols.



Silica glass: A material for photonics

Recent studies on two aspects of silica glass as a photonic material will be described. Part A of this review will be focused on structural disorder and structural relaxations in silica glass. With

Electro-optic modulation in germanosilicate fibre with UV-excited poling

The authors report what is, to their knowledge, the highest electro-optic effect measured in a germanosilicate fibre ever reported. The electro-optic effect based on a permanent second-order

Strained silicon as a new electro-optic material

The strain-induced linear electro-optic effect may be used to remove a bottleneck in modern computers by replacing the electronic bus with a much faster optical alternative.

Thermal Poling of Optical Glasses: Mechanisms and Second-Order Optical Properties

The objective to induce reproducible, efficient, and stable second-order nonlinear optical properties (SONL) in an isotropic material remains a challenge in photonics. Thermal poling allows inducing

On the origin of the second-order nonlinearity in strained Si–SiN structures

The development of efficient low-loss electro-optic and nonlinear components based on silicon or its related compounds, such as nitrides and oxides, is expected to dramatically enhance silicon

Pockels effect of silicate glass-ceramics: Observation of optical modulation in Mach–Zehnder system

The observation of Pockels effect by Mach–Zehnder interferometer in polycrystalline ceramics made from a ternary silicate glass via crystallization due to heat-treatment, i.e., glass-ceramics is reported.


Title of dissertation: THE OPTICAL KERR EFFECT OF LIQUIDS Xiang Zhu, Doctor of Philosophy, 2007 Dissertation directed by: Professor John T. Fourkas Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry Optical

Water-core Fresnel fiber.

A water core photonic crystal Fresnel fiber exploiting a hole distribution on zone plates of a cylindrical waveguide was developed and characterized, and a large loss edge ~900nm is observed indicating that the bandgap associated with Fresnel guidance has shifted to longer wavelengths.

Gigantic optical Pockels effect in water within the electric double layer at the electrode-solution interface

We have obtained the experimental evidence for the Pockels effect of water, which is placed in the electric double layer (EDL) on the interface between the bulk water and a transparent electrode. The

Measurement and calculation of electrostrictive effects in a twin-hole silica glass fiber

A precise method for evaluating the electro-optic coefficients of an optical fiber is introduced. The method was used to characterize the third-order nonlinearity of twin-hole silica fibers. The