Water on Mars—A Literature Review

  title={Water on Mars—A Literature Review},
  author={Mohammad Nazari-Sharabian and Mohammad Aghababaei and Moses Karakouzian and Mehrdad Karami},
To assess Mars’ potential for both harboring life and providing useable resources for future human exploration, it is of paramount importance to comprehend the water situation on the planet. Therefore, studies have been conducted to determine any evidence of past or present water existence on Mars. While the presence of abundant water on Mars very early in its history is widely accepted, on its modern form, only a fraction of this water can be found, as either ice or locked into the structure… 

Accessing the Habitability of the Martian Surface and Subsurface Based on Analogs Found on Earth

  • Geology, Physics
  • 2022
So far, the only life we know of is on Earth, but the search for life on other planetary bodies is still ongoing. Mars is particularly interesting, mainly because it is more practical to study

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Deltas have long been considered a constraining element to reconstruct the water level of an ancient ocean that may have once occupied the northern lowlands of Mars, and recently this hypothesis

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Present-day environmental conditions on Titan, the largest moon of Saturn, may do active geomorphic work on its surface. On Earth, the hydrologic water cycle erodes and weathers its continents.

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Salar de Pajonales, a Ca-sulfate salt flat in the Chilean High Andes, showcases the type of polyextreme environment recognized as one of the best terrestrial analogs for early Mars because of its

UV Irradiation and Near Infrared Characterization of Laboratory Mars Soil Analog Samples

The search for molecular biosignatures at the surface of Mars is complicated by an intense irradiation in the mid- and near-ultraviolet (UV) spectral range for several reasons: (i) many

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Sampling soil or rocks from extraterrestrial celestial bodies is the essential step to detecting the existence of water and life in celestial bodies, it is also an important channel to obtain

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Significance of Precambrian and early Cambrian palaeobiological remains recorded over the last few years on the Indian subcontinent are discussed in the present review. The importance of these

The drinkable rock: improvised methods to extract H20 from minerals for resource depleted emergencies on future Mars missions

Once inhabited, medical emergencies will occur on Mars where human survival will depend ultimately on the availability of water. This research aimed to explore the hypothesis that medical crews

Microbial Mats: Primitive Structures That Could Help us Find Life on Other Worlds

Some microscopic organisms grow together to build structures known as microbial mats. These mats are formed from several layers with different colors, and their structure depends on environmental



Geological Evidence of Planet‐Wide Groundwater System on Mars

Only the deepest basins considered in this study, those with bases deeper than −4000 m in elevation below the Mars datum, intercepted the water‐saturated zone and exhibit evidence of groundwater fluctuations, significantly increases the chance that biosignatures could be buried in the sediment.

Water and Brines on Mars: Current Evidence and Implications for MSL

Liquid water is a basic ingredient for life as we know it. Therefore, in order to understand the habitability of other planets we must first understand the behavior of water on them. Mars is the most

The imprint of atmospheric evolution in the D/H of Hesperian clay minerals on Mars

The presence of methane is confirmed in the martian atmosphere with the instruments aboard the Curiosity rover at Gale crater, and this ratio of deuterium to hydrogen in clays indicates an extended history of hydrogen escape and desiccation of the planet.

Quantitative Assessments of the Martian Hydrosphere

In this paper, we review current estimates of the global water inventory of Mars, potential loss mechanisms, the thermophysical characteristics of the different reservoirs that water may be currently

Water, Climate, and Life

The search for life on Mars cannot be carried out strictly by seeking evidence of life itself. Rather, the entire planet must be understood to determine whether Mars may once have harbored life. In

Active polar gullies on Mars and the role of carbon dioxide.

Superposition of channel features over and/or through the defrosted CO2 snowpack shows that the channels are active at the present day and probably have fluid flows every spring during the annual defrosting, as active fluid flows of any nature have not yet been proven on Mars.

A Closer Look at Water-Related Geologic Activity on Mars

A close look at key locations with the High-Resolution Imaging Science Experiment on board the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter sees evidence of fluvial modification of geologically recent mid-latitude gullies and equatorial impact craters, but cannot confirm the reality of ancient oceans or water in active gullies.

Curiosity's Mission of Exploration at Gale Crater, Mars

Landed missions to the surface of Mars have long sought to determine the material properties of rocks and soils encountered during the course of surface exploration. Increasingly, emphasis is placed