Water and Boating Activity as Dispersal Vectors for Schinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper) Seeds in Freshwater and Estuarine Habitats

  title={Water and Boating Activity as Dispersal Vectors for Schinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper) Seeds in Freshwater and Estuarine Habitats},
  author={Melinda J. Donnelly and Linda J. Walters},
  journal={Estuaries and Coasts},
Schinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian pepper), a native of South America, is currently naturalized in 20 countries worldwide and can alter native systems by displacing flora and forming monotypic stands. The primary described mechanism of seed dispersal is through consumption of fruits by birds and mammals. We evaluated an alternative dispersal method by evaluating the potential for S. terebinthifolius growing in freshwater and estuarine environments to disperse via water currents. Specifically… 
The role of hydrochory in structuring riparian and wetland vegetation
The state of the art of the discipline is defined and hydrochory is defined to be an important vector for the spread of many invasive species, but there is also the potential for enhancing ecosystem restoration by improving or restoring water dispersal pathways.
Response of Brazilian peppertree (Schinus terebinthifolia) and four mangrove species to imazamox and carfentrazone-ethyl herbicides
Results indicate both imazamox and carfentrazone-ethyl exhibit activity on S. terebinthifolia but also injure all four mangroves enough to preclude their use as selective treatments.
Competitive and allelopathic effects of the invasive shrub Schinus terebinthifolius (Brazilian peppertree)
Significant impacts of Schinus competition and fruit extracts on native trees and herbaceous species are demonstrated, providing experimental evidence for ecological impacts of invasions and further support for restoration of invaded habitats.
Hydrological connectivity and vegetative dispersal shape clonal and genetic structure of the emergent macrophyte Cyperus papyrus in a tropical highland lake (Lake Tana, Ethiopia)
Overall, hydrological connectivity and vegetative dispersal shape the clonal and genetic structure as well as the connectivity of C. papyrus populations in Lake Tana.
Replacement of oyster reefs by mangroves: Unexpected climate‐driven ecosystem shifts
The lack of freezes could lead globally to an ecosystem shift of intertidal oyster reefs to mangrove islands near polewardMangrove range limits.
Invasive Species Within South Florida Coastal Ecosystems: An Example of a Marginalized Environmental Resource Base
  • C. Makowski, C. Finkl
  • Environmental Science
    Impacts of Invasive Species on Coastal Environments
  • 2018
Bioinvasions from exotic flora and fauna are a constant threat to the ecological balance that allows coastal ecosystems to maintain homeostasis. Throughout the world, invasive species are responsible
FULL ACCOUNT FOR: Schinus terebinthifolius Global Invasive Species Database (GISD) 2015. Species profile Schinus
  • Linguistics
  • 2019
Common name pimienta de Brasil (English, Puerto Rico), Christmas berry (English), Mexican pepper (English), Brazilian pepper tree (English), Brazilian pepper (English), Brazilian holly (English),
Ecology and evolution of invasive maple tree species
This project sought to highlight specific environmental factors, species functional traits and evolutionary processes that drive the success of maple tree invasion based on various methods such as population demography contrasts, meta-analytical statistics and quantitative genetics.


Recruitment of the invasive ornamental, Schinus terebinthifolius, is dependent upon frugivores
It is concluded that recruitment potential of S. terebinthifolius is highly dependent upon the consumption of its fruits by frugivores, and the potential role of Australian birds in the current invasion of riparian habitats and coastal wetlands by the ornamental Schinus tere binth ifolius Raddi is investigated.
Potential allelopathic effects of Brazilian pepper (Schinus terebinthifolius Raddi, Anacardiaceae) aqueous extract on germination and growth of selected Florida native plants1
In laboratory bioassays and greenhouse experiments, germination and biomass accumulation in two native Florida plant species were negatively affected by irrigation with aqueous extracts of Brazilian pepper leaves, illustrating a potential mechanism through which one plant may gain a competitive advantage over another.
Growth and gas exchange responses of Brazilian pepper (Schinus terebinthifolius) and native South Florida species to salinity
Schinus’ response patterns show that this exotic exhibits some physiological tolerance for saline conditions, which could provide this species an advantage over native plants in terms of light acquisition in a brackish forested ecosystem.
Effects of soil flooding on leaf gas exchange and growth of two neotropical pioneer tree species
It is concluded that seedlings of Schinus and Rapanea can survive and grow throughout a medium period of soil waterlogging, in spite of the alterations observed in their physiological behavior, such as the decreases in stomatal conductance and in whole plant biomass.
Is The Exotic Brazilian Pepper, Schinus Terebinthifolius, A Threat To Mangrove Ecosystems In Florida?
Evaluating competition between the invasive S. terebinthifolius and these three native species of mangroves in the coastal estuarine system along the east coast of Central Florida in Canaveral National Seashore found this exotic was unable to survive under marine conditions and poses no long term threat to mangrove systems.
Reproductive versus Vegetative Recruitment of the Invasive Tree Schinus terebenthifolius: Implications for Restoration on Reunion Island
The objective of this study was to characterize the recruitment processes of Schinus terebenthifolius, one of the most serious plant invaders in Reunion Island?s lowlands.
Dispersal Properties of Mangrove Propagules
This paper presents field and laboratory observations on some aspects of dispersal in four genera of Panamanian mangroves, including Laguncularia racemosa, Avicennia germinans, A. A. bicolor, Rhizophora mangle, R. harrisonii, and Pelliciera rhizophorae, and their zonational tendencies.
Chloroplast and microsatellite DNA diversities reveal the introduction history of Brazilian peppertree (Schinus terebinthifolius) in Florida
The genetic evidence supports two introductions of Brazilian peppertree into Florida and extensive hybridization between them, and the Florida population does not exhibit low genetic variation compared to populations in the native range, possibly increasing its ability to adapt to novel environments.
The dispersal characteristics of the invasive plant Mimulus guttatus and the ecological significance of increased occurrence of high‐flow events
Predicting the response of riparian invasive species to environmental change requires not only an understanding of the role of climate in plant demography but also the impact of changes in hydrology on rates of spread.