Water Column Monitoring of the Biological Effects of Produced Water from the Ekofisk Offshore Oil Installation from 2006 to 2009

@article{Brooks2011WaterCM,
  title={Water Column Monitoring of the Biological Effects of Produced Water from the Ekofisk Offshore Oil Installation from 2006 to 2009},
  author={Steven J. Brooks and Christopher Harman and Merete Grung and Eivind Farmen and Anders Ruus and Sjur Vingen and Brit F. Godal and Janina Bar{\vs}ienė and Laura Andreikėnaitė and Halld{\'o}ra Skarph{\'e}ðinsd{\'o}ttir and Birgitta Liewenborg and Rolf C. Sundt},
  journal={Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health, Part A},
  year={2011},
  volume={74},
  pages={582 - 604}
}
The Norwegian water column monitoring program investigates the biological effects of offshore oil and gas activities in Norwegian waters. In three separate surveys in 2006, 2008, and 2009, bioaccumulation and biomarker responses were measured in mussels (Mytilus edulis) and Atlantic cod (Gadus morhua) held in cages at known distances from the produced water (PW) discharge at the Ekofisk oil field. Identical monitoring studies performed in all three years have allowed the biological effects and… Expand
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