Wasting as independent risk factor for mortality in chronic heart failure

@article{Anker1997WastingAI,
  title={Wasting as independent risk factor for mortality in chronic heart failure},
  author={Stefan D. Anker and Piotr Ponikowski and Susan J. Varney and Tuan Peng Chua and Andrew L Clark and Katharine M Webb-Peploe and Derek Harrington and Wolfgang J. Kox and Philip A. Poole‐Wilson and Andrew J S Coats},
  journal={The Lancet},
  year={1997},
  volume={349},
  pages={1050-1053}
}
The relationship between body mass index and mortality in patients with acute decompensated heart failure.
Reverse Epidemiology in Systolic and Nonsystolic Heart FailureCLINICAL PERSPECTIVE
TLDR
In patients with heart failure, mortality risk counterintuitively increased on a cumulative scale with lower levels of body mass index, total cholesterol, and systolic blood pressure, irrespective of the type and severity of heart failure.
Reverse Epidemiology in Systolic and Nonsystolic Heart Failure: Cumulative Prognostic Benefit of Classical Cardiovascular Risk Factors
TLDR
In patients with heart failure, mortality risk counterintuitively increased on a cumulative scale with lower levels of body mass index, total cholesterol, and systolic blood pressure, irrespective of the type and severity of heart failure.
Body mass and survival in patients with chronic heart failure without cachexia: the importance of obesity.
TLDR
In patients with chronic heart failure, increasing BMI is not an adverse prognostic feature and Thinner patients appear to have a poorer prognosis.
Respiratory Muscle Dysfunction in Congestive Heart Failure
TLDR
In patients with CHF, inspiratory muscle strength is reduced and emerges as a novel, independent predictor of prognosis and might serve as an additional factor to improve risk stratification and patient selection for cardiac transplantation.
Chronic heart failure in the elderly: value of cardiopulmonary exercise testing in risk stratification.
TLDR
Elderly patients with CHF have a high mortality, with the majority dead within two years, and cardiopulmonary exercise testing provides important information for risk stratification within this group and its use should not be neglected.
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 24 REFERENCES
Chronic congestive heart failure. Description and survival of 190 consecutive patients with a diagnosis of chronic congestive heart failure based on clinical signs and symptoms.
TLDR
Patients with CHF have a high risk of death despite intensive medical treatment and LVEF is a strong predictor of mortality, but both NYHA class and exercise variables have strong independent prognostic information as regards mortality in combination with LVEf, but are mutually exclusive.
Prognostic factors of chronic heart failure in NYHA class II or III: value of invasive exercise haemodynamic data.
TLDR
It appears that invasive haemodynamic parameters are best for determining the prognosis of patients with chronic heart failure, and Peak VO2 is an easily obtainable non-invasive parameter, which makes it more useful in the evaluation and the follow up of such patients.
Hormones regulating cardiovascular function in patients with severe congestive heart failure and their relation to mortality. CONSENSUS Trial Study Group.
TLDR
There is a pronounced but variable neurohormonal activation in heart failure even in patients with similar clinical findings, and the effect of enalapril on mortality is related to hormonal activation in general and the renin-angiotensin system in particular.
Value of Peak Exercise Oxygen Consumption for Optimal Timing of Cardiac Transplantation in Ambulatory Patients With Heart Failure
TLDR
These data suggest that cardiac transplantation can be safely deferred in ambulatory patients with severe left ventricular dysfunction and peak exercise Vo2 of more than 14 ml/min/kg.
Prognostic importance of serum sodium concentration and its modification by converting-enzyme inhibition in patients with severe chronic heart failure.
TLDR
The interaction between serum sodium concentration, drug treatment, and long-term outcome suggests that the renin-angiotensin system may exert a deleterious effect on the survival of some patients with chronic heart failure.
...
1
2
3
...