Waste Valorization, Loop‐Closing, and Industrial Ecology

  title={Waste Valorization, Loop‐Closing, and Industrial Ecology},
  author={Ange Nzihou and Reid Lifset},
  journal={Journal of Industrial Ecology},
Waste valorization is the treatment of waste for beneficial use as raw material or as an energy carrier, with emphasis on processes and practices that reduce emissions and related environmental impacts. The term valorization typically refers to efforts to make use of bulk, production-related wastes, such as wood waste, paper sludge, incinerator ash, metal slags, or foundry sands. Recycling has always been a pivotal concept in industrial ecology. From the seminal article by Frosch and… 

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