Was There Really a Hawthorne Effect at the Hawthorne Plant? An Analysis of the Original Illumination Experiments

@article{Levitt2009WasTR,
  title={Was There Really a Hawthorne Effect at the Hawthorne Plant? An Analysis of the Original Illumination Experiments},
  author={Steven D. Levitt and John A. List},
  journal={Behavioral \& Experimental Economics eJournal},
  year={2009}
}
The "Hawthorne effect," a concept familiar to all students of social science, has had a profound influence both on the direction and design of research over the past 75 years. The Hawthorne effect is named after a landmark set of studies conducted at the Hawthorne plant in the 1920s. The first and most influential of these studies is known as the "Illumination Experiment." Both academics and popular writers commonly summarize the results as showing that every change in light, even those that… 

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