Was Fashion a European Invention?: The Kimono and Economic Development in Japan

  title={Was Fashion a European Invention?: The Kimono and Economic Development in Japan},
  author={Penelope Francks},
  journal={Fashion Theory},
  pages={331 - 361}
  • P. Francks
  • Published 7 May 2015
  • Economics, History
  • Fashion Theory
Abstract It is still widely assumed that the emergence of fashion was a uniquely European phenomenon and that, conversely, non-Western clothing systems must have remained static and “traditional.” Hence, in the case of Japan, clothing modernity continues to be equated with the adoption of Western-style dress. This article presents evidence that, through the period of Japanese economic growth and industrialization from the eighteenth century to World War II, the kimono outfits that most women… 

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