Was El Greco Astigmatic?

@article{Anstis2002WasEG,
  title={Was El Greco Astigmatic?},
  author={Stuart Anstis},
  journal={Leonardo},
  year={2002},
  volume={35},
  pages={208-208}
}
Why did El Greco (1541–1614) paint such elongated human figures? It has been suggested that he suffered from astigmatism. This is an optical defect of the frontal surface of the eyeball, which if over-corrected by a spectacle lens, could have optically stretched his retinal images horizontally, causing him to paint tall, thin objects that looked normal to him. A horizontal optical stretch would have restored his elongated portraits to normal proportions. Similarly, Holbein’s (1497–1543) squat… Expand
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