Was Darwin Wrong About Emotional Expressions?

@article{Barrett2011WasDW,
  title={Was Darwin Wrong About Emotional Expressions?},
  author={Lisa Feldman Barrett},
  journal={Current Directions in Psychological Science},
  year={2011},
  volume={20},
  pages={400 - 406}
}
  • L. F. Barrett
  • Published 1 December 2011
  • Art
  • Current Directions in Psychological Science
Emotional expressions have endured as a topic of profound scientific interest for over a century, in part due to Darwin’s classic volume, The Expression of Emotions in Man and Animals. Since its publication, there has been a strong, spirited debate over the origin, nature, and function of emotional expressions. In this article, I consider two basic questions: What did Darwin really write about emotional expressions, and how well does his account match the modern, conventional, “basic emotion… 
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Although research on the nonverbal expression of emotion has played a prominent role throughout psychology during the past two decades—including an instrumental role in the development of
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Why the two alternative explanations Barrett offers for the origins of emotion expressions—expressions as cultural symbols and/or as evolutionary byproducts—are both untenable in light of existing research are discussed.
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“Emotional expression” is an unfortunately ambiguous term. Scientists define it in two distinct ways, and this difference in definition leads them to employ the term inconsistently. In some
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It is pointed out that Lench et al.'s findings do not support their claim that discrete emotions organize cognition, judgment, experience, and physiology because they did not demonstrate emotion-consistent and emotion-specific directional changes in these measurement domains.
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TLDR
Three stages of emotional development supported by empirical evidence on how a biologically given set of neonate emotions are transformed into a culturally modified set of conscious, sign-mediated emotions that enables a decoupling of expression and feeling are described.
Emotional Expressions Reconsidered: Challenges to Inferring Emotion From Human Facial Movements
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There is an urgent need for research that examines how people actually move their faces to express emotions and other social information in the variety of contexts that make up everyday life, as well as careful study of the mechanisms by which people perceive instances of emotion in one another.
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Abstract I scrutinize a view of emotion that was established in the late nineteenth century and bequeathed to subsequent generations of psychological researchers. That view has strong evolutionary
Darwin’s antithesis revisited – a zoosemiotic perspective on expressing emotions in animals and animal cartoon characters
In the animation and design of cartoon characters, animators have often turned to the study of biological theories and observation of human actors and animals to capture lifelike movements and
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Although research on the nonverbal expression of emotion has played a prominent role throughout psychology during the past two decades—including an instrumental role in the development of
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  • L. F. Barrett
  • Psychology
    Personality and social psychology review : an official journal of the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Inc
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In this article, I introduce an emotion paradox: People believe that they know an emotion when they see it, and as a consequence assume that emotions are discrete events that can be recognized with
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