Warren revisited: Atmospheric freshwater fluxes and ‘‘Why is no deep water formed in the North Pacific’’

Abstract

[1] Warren’s [1983] ‘‘Why is no deep water formed in the North Pacific’’ is revisited. His box model of the northern North Pacific is used with updated estimates of oceanic volume transports and boundary freshwater fluxes derived from the most recent data sets, using diverse methods. Estimates of the reliability of the result and its sensitivity to error in… (More)

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@inproceedings{EmileGeay2003WarrenRA, title={Warren revisited: Atmospheric freshwater fluxes and ‘‘Why is no deep water formed in the North Pacific’’}, author={Julien Emile-Geay and Mark A. Cane and Naomi H. Naik and Richard Seager and Amy C. Clement and Alexander van Geen}, year={2003} }