Warming trends in Asia amplified by brown cloud solar absorption

  title={Warming trends in Asia amplified by brown cloud solar absorption},
  author={Veerabhadran Ramanathan and Muvva V. Ramana and Gregory Roberts and Dohyeong Kim and Craig E. Corrigan and Chul E. Chung and David M. Winker},
Atmospheric brown clouds are mostly the result of biomass burning and fossil fuel consumption. They consist of a mixture of light-absorbing and light-scattering aerosols and therefore contribute to atmospheric solar heating and surface cooling. The sum of the two climate forcing terms—the net aerosol forcing effect—is thought to be negative and may have masked as much as half of the global warming attributed to the recent rapid rise in greenhouse gases. There is, however, at least a fourfold… 
Black carbon solar absorption suppresses turbulence in the atmospheric boundary layer
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University of Birmingham Black carbon solar absorption suppresses turbulence in the atmospheric boundary layer
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Atmospheric brown clouds: impacts on South Asian climate and hydrological cycle.
  • V. Ramanathan, C. Chung, M. Wild
  • Environmental Science
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
  • 2005
An ensemble of coupled ocean-atmosphere simulations from 1930 to 2000 suggest that absorbing aerosols in atmospheric brown clouds may have played a major role in the observed regional climate and hydrological cycle changes and have masked as much as 50% of the surface warming due to the global increase in greenhouse gases.
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