Warfare in Late Prehistoric West-Central Illinois

  title={Warfare in Late Prehistoric West-Central Illinois},
  author={George R. Milner and E. J. Anderson and Virginia G. Smith},
  journal={American Antiquity},
  pages={581 - 603}
Social-group competition and cooperation are critical elements of models of cultural evolution. Despite the presumed significance of such interactions, archaeologists find it difficult to measure these forms of behavior. An Illinois cemetery consisting of 264 burials dating to ca. A.D. 1300 illustrates the unique information that only mortuary sites can provide on the characteristics and intensity of prehistoric intergroup conflict. In this instance, violent death was indicated by several forms… 
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An ethnohistoric account of methods, participants, and stated causes of warfare among the Kofyar of Northern Nigeria provides indications of the duration and severity of armed encounters in the
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