War of the Whales: Climate Change, Weather and Arctic Conflict in the Early Seventeenth Century

@article{Degroot2019WarOT,
  title={War of the Whales: Climate Change, Weather and Arctic Conflict in the Early Seventeenth Century},
  author={Dagomar Degroot},
  journal={Environment and History},
  year={2019}
}
  • Dagomar Degroot
  • Published 2019
  • History, Environmental Science
  • Environment and History
Beginning in 1580, average annual temperatures across the Arctic cooled amid the regional onset of the “Grindelwald Fluctuation,” a particularly cold but volatile period in the Little Ice Age. By contributing to socioeconomic trends that raised the cost of vegetable oils, climatic cooling encouraged European merchants to establish rival whaling operations around the frigid archipelago of Svalbard, roughly halfway between Norway and the North Pole. From 1611 until 1619, European whalers depended… 

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