War and the State in Africa

  title={War and the State in Africa},
  author={Jeffrey Herbst},
  journal={International Security},
  pages={117 - 139}
  • J. Herbst
  • Published 21 January 1990
  • Political Science, History
  • International Security
that in Africa, as elsewhere, states will eventually become strong. But this may not be true in Africa, where states are developing in a fundamentally new environment. Lessons drawn from the case of Europe show that war is an important cause of state formation that is missing in Africa today. The crucial role that war has played in the formation of European states has long been noted. Samuel P. Huntington argued that “war was the great stimulus to state building,” and Charles Tilly went so far… 


states remain unable to meet the most basic development needs of their respective citizenries after more than 40 years of political independence. In fact, many of these states were viable during the

Tilly Tally: War-Making and State-Making in the Contemporary Third World

Does the war-making/state-making thesis, most associated with Charles Tilly, apply in the developing world If so, how? This essay reviews the bellicist literature and offers an explanation for


State capacity has far-reaching implications for the national politics of developing countries. Scholars have identified state weakness as an important cause of civil war, revolution,

1. War, Institutions, and Social Change in the Middle East

  • S. Heydemann
  • Political Science, Sociology
    War, Institutions, and Social Change in the Middle East
  • 2019
Few areas of the world have been as profoundly shaped by war as the Middle East in the twentieth century. Despite the prominence of war-making in this region, there has been surprisingly little

Did Wars Make Nation‐States in the Balkans?: Nationalisms, Wars and States in the 19th and early 20th Century South East Europe

Nationalism and protracted warfare are often seen as the most important impediments to social advancement in the Balkans. In contrast to these popular perceptions I argue that for much of its history

States at War: Confronting Conflict in Africa

  • C. Newbury
  • Political Science
    African Studies Review
  • 2002
Abstract: In the early 1990s, democratization dominated discourse on African politics. However fraught with contradictions, processes of political liberalization held out hope for more responsive,

War and strong states, peace and weak states?

  • M. Desch
  • Political Science
    International Organization
  • 1996
For most of the twentieth century, international politics were dominated by World Wars I and II and by the cold war. This period of intense international security competition clearly strengthened

The Political Economy of State Building in Sub-Saharan Africa

This paper explores the state-building process in the developing world through an application of the European-inspired predatory theory of the state. Predatory theory relies heavily on war as a

The international possibilities of insurgency and statehood in Africa : the U.P.C. and Cameroon, 1948-1971

Amongst Western political scientists and policy-makers, a perceived economic and political ?crisis? of the African state since the 1980s has produced a terminology of ?weak states?, ?quasi-states?

7 ~ Book Review

State capacity has far-reaching implications for the national politics of developing countries. Scholars have identified state weakness as an important cause of civil war, revolution,



The Formation of National States in Western Europe

Studies of political development have traditionally focused on emerging countries with the shortest histories and poorest documentary records. This book brings the discussion into a realm where the

Warfare in the Sokoto Caliphate: Historical and Sociological Perspectives

The successful jihad of 1804 in Hausaland - perhaps the most important Islamic revolution in West African history, with consequences still apparent in Nigeria today - resulted in the establishment of

The Precarious Balance: State and Society in Africa

The conceptual distance which separates the title of this book from that of the international workshop (at the Truman Research Institute of the Hebrew University of Jerusalem) that gave birth to it,

States in History

The state has been the subject of lively debate in modern social science, but the abstract and theoretical nature of much of the work is inaccessible. This volume remedies the situation by testing

The creation and matintenance of national boundaries in Africa

  • J. Herbst
  • Sociology
    International Organization
  • 1989
A paradox is central to the nature of political boundaries in Africa: there is widespread agreement that the boundaries are arbitrary, yet the vast majority of them have remained virtually untouched

The military in the political development of new nations : an essay in comparative analysis

We may not be able to make you love reading, but the military in the political development of new nations will lead you to love reading starting from now. Book is the window to open the new world.

Class Formation in the Swollen African State

  • L. Diamond
  • Political Science
    The Journal of Modern African Studies
  • 1987
As the state has moved back to the centre of analysis of political change and conflict, increasing attention has focused on its rôle in forming new classes and in structuring the possibilities of

Political Impediments to Economic Rationality: Explaining Zimbabwe's Failure to Reform its Public Sector

  • J. Herbst
  • Political Science
    The Journal of Modern African Studies
  • 1989
After Many years of exhortations, it is now widely claimed that African governments are beginning to implement the reforms needed to fundamentally alter their economies.1 Zimbabwe, after achieving

States, War, and Capitalism: Studies in Political Sociology

1. The Autonomous Power of the State: Its Origins, Mechanisms and Results 2. States, Ancient and Modern 3. State and Society, 1180-1815: An Analysis of English State Finances 4. Capitalism and

The sources of social power

  • M. Mann
  • History, Political Science
  • 1986
I leave theoretical conclusions to my fourth volume, though it is already obvious that to understand the development of modern societies we must give broadly equal attention to the causal power and