War Without End and An End to A War: The Prolonged Wars in Liberia and Sierra Leone

  title={War Without End and An End to A War: The Prolonged Wars in Liberia and Sierra Leone},
  author={Yekutiel Gershoni},
  journal={African Studies Review},
  pages={55 - 76}
An attack on Liberian government forces in Nimba County, Liberia, on Christmas Eve, 1989, ignited a full-scale civil war. It was carried out by the National Patriotic Front of Liberia (NPFL) and consisted of Libyan-trained dissidents, headed by Charles Taylor, a former employee of President Samuel Doe's government. After six months of fighting, the NPFL controlled 90 percent of Liberia and was ready to launch a final assault on the capital, Monrovia. Eight months from the start of the war, the… 

Comparing Third-Party Management of Peace Spoilers in Liberia and Sierra Leone

Despite a steady growth of negotiated peace agreements to end civil wars and increased international efforts to achieve peace between the early 1990s and 2004, less than 25 per cent of the agreements

Beyond Borders: The End of the Mano River War(s)?

The Mano River sub-region, which includes Liberia, Sierra Leone, Guinea, and Cote d’Ivoire, has experienced decades of violent upheavals and political instability. This notably includes civil wars in

Adapt or Die : The Cultural Foundations of Military Performance in the Sierra Leonean Civil War

Since the end of the Second World War, mercenary groups have played significant roles in wars throughout the developing world. However, despite being consistently outnumbered by their opponents,

Toward a Theory of Peace Agreement Implementation: The Case of Liberia

The implementation of a peace agreement following a civil war is one of the most critical and uncertain processes of any post-war period. Many argue that promises of extensive power sharing

African Security in the Twenty-First Century: The Challenges of Indigenization and Multilateralism

  • S. Burgess
  • Political Science
    African Studies Review
  • 1998
Abstract: With the onset of the twenty-first century, power distribution has become a key factor in African security. In western and southern Africa, power has become more concentrated and

Civil Wars and the Right to Self-Determination

Thucydides was the first analyst of civil war: the Peloponnesian War between Athens and Sparta (431-404 BC). Since then, the technology of war has radically changed but not the nature of man. Most of

Reviving a failed State : the 2005 general elections in Liberia

The paper reviews the 2005 general election in Liberia, analysing its background, context, processes, dynamics, contradictions and outcomes. The election was generally acclaimed as the most

Using Power-Sharing to Win a War: The Implementation of the Lomé Agreement in Sierra Leone

To end the civil war in Sierra Leone the government and the Revolutionary United Front (RUF) signed a peace agreement guaranteeing power-sharing in July 1999. Such power-sharing is a widely used,

Post-conflict peace building in Africa - the challenges of socio-economic recovery and development

The policy objectives in a typical post-war economy would be to restore and maintain peace, improve security, prevent the renewal of war, facilitate rapid socio-economic recovery, and start to build

Maintaining Sovereignty in Africa: The Role of External Forces in Warlord States

The article presents an analysis of the role that external forces play in the maintenance of sovereignty in Warlord states. We focus on the strategies enacted by various warlords in Africa,



Liberia 1989-1994 : a study of ethnic and spiritual violence

This article deals with the civil war which broke out in Liberia on 24 December 1989, when 100 or more fighters claiming allegiance to the National Patriotic Front of Liberia (NPFL), led by Charles

Lessons of Liberia: ECOMOG and Regional Peacekeeping

  • H. Howe
  • Political Science
    International Security
  • 1997
1 Long-standing ethnic, geographical, and religious conflicts continue to ravage significant sections of the developing world. Wars in Cambodia, Liberia, El Salvador, Afghanistan, and Rwanda have

Prolonged Wars: A Post-Nuclear Challenge

Abstract : This book was conceived on the battlefields of Vietnam, where the term "Vietnam" became more than a geopolitical or cultural designation and came to denote a phenomenon. Vietnam is today a

Peacekeeping: the African dimension

Following the end of the cold war there developed a general perception that the United Nations would now be able to adopt a more enhanced role as the world's peacekeeper and peacemaker, especially if

Conflict resolution in Africa

While dramatic changes are taking place on the international scene and among the major powers, Africa continues to suffer from a multitude of violent conflicts. The toll of these conflicts is

Reinvention of an African Patrimonial State: Charles Taylor's Liberia

These two quotes highlight a contrast between the way many reformers expect power to be exercised in Liberia and the actual exercise of power. The former expects bureaucratic institutions,

Global Security Concerns - Anticipating the Twenty-First Century

Abstract : One of the most important and intellectually fascinating areas of investigation for the student of political affairs concerns the attempt to understand why man makes war. This ancient

Responding to State Failure in Africa

Jeffrey Herbst's article, "Responding to State Failure in Africa,"' appeared most propitiously on the eve of the overthrow of the Mobutu dictatorship in Zaire. Two earlier articles by Herbst advanced

Uncivil Wars: International Security and the New Internal Conflicts

This work examines the pattern of internal, or civil, war that has emerged in the post-Cold War world. The book discusses how changes in the international system have encouraged the development of

Conflict in Africa

Introduction The colonial legacy External influences - end of the Cold war and Eastern European revolutions The north-south flow of arms technology Liberia The Sahara The Sudan Ethiopia and Eritrea