Walter Pitts

  title={Walter Pitts},
  author={Neil R. Smalheiser},
  journal={Perspectives in Biology and Medicine},
  pages={217 - 226}
  • N. Smalheiser
  • Published 1 February 2000
  • Art
  • Perspectives in Biology and Medicine
The movie Forrest Gump made the point that the greatest, most heroic Americans are people of extraordinary character who flicker briefly into public consciousness and are quickly forgotten. Walter Pitts was pivotal in establishing the revolutionary notion of the brain as a computer, which was seminal in the development of computer design, cybernetics, artificial intelligence, and theoretical neuroscience. He was also a participant in a large number of key advances in 20th-century science. Yet… 

Figures from this paper

Walter Pitts and “A Logical Calculus”
Details regarding Pitts’s interest in problems of circularity, regenerative activity in closed loops of neurons, and modular mathematics, and the way in which they relate to “A Logical Calculus” are filled in.
Rudolf Carnap–The Grandfather of Artificial Neural Networks: The Influence of Carnap’s Philosophy on Walter Pitts
The importance and relevance of philosophy for the development of the AI is often neglected. By revealing the influence of Rudolf Carnap on Warren McCulloch’s and especially Walter Pitts’ work on
Where are the Cyborgs in Cybernetics?
It is argued that cyborgs were a minor research area in cybernetics in the USA and Britain from the publication of Wiener's Cybernetsics in 1948 to the decline of cybernetic among mainstream scientists in the 1960s.
Émigré psychiatrists, psychologists, and cognitive scientists in North America since the Second World War
This special issue seeks to explore whether new historiographical approaches can provide a deeper understanding of the impact of European émigré psychiatrists, psychologists, and cognitive scientists on emerging fields of medicine and science, including community and geriatric medicine, developmental neuroscience, and psychiatric traumatology.
Automatic Segmentation of Calcification Areas in Digital Breast Images
It is demonstrated that in conjunction with intelligent segmentation techniques, mammography can be made more effective in diagnosing breast abnormalities and aiding in the early diagnosis of breast cancer, hence increasing its overall effectiveness.


Warren McCulloch's Search for the Logic of the Nervous System
  • M. Arbib
  • Computer Science
    Perspectives in biology and medicine
  • 2000
Warren Sturgis McCulloch was concerned with computer technology, as is reflected in his concerns for reliable computing from unreliable neuronlike elements and for redundant, distributed computing by larger modules, but throughout his life he was driven less by the demands of technology than by the quest to understand how the authors think.
Philolaos in Limbo, or: What Happened to the Pythagoreans?
Erich Frank is led back, then, to Erich Frank as the author who carries, more than any other, the responsibility for the present hypercritical sentiment.
Reflections On Men And Ideas
"Contents: " "Man Without Letters." Newton, the Enigma. Paolo Toscanelli and His Friends. Alessandro Volta. Galileo Today. Necessity, Contingency, and Natural Law. Prologue to Parmenides. Galileo and
A logical calculus of the ideas immanent in nervous activity
How we know universals; the perception of auditory and visual forms.
Two neural mechanisms are described which exhibit recognition of forms. Both are independent of small perturbations at synapses of excitation, threshold, and synchrony, and are referred to partiular
Hamlet's mill : an essay on myth and the frame of time
A truly seminal and original thesis, this is a book that should be read by anyone interested in science, myth, and the interactions between the two. In this classic work of scientific and
A logical calculus of the ideas immanent in nervous activity
It is shown that many particular choices among possible neurophysiological assumptions are equivalent, in the sense that for every net behaving under one assumption, there exists another net which behaves under the other and gives the same results, although perhaps not in the same time.
What the Frog's Eye Tells the Frog's Brain
The results show that for the most part within that area of the optic nerve of a frog, it is not the light intensity itself but rather the pattern of local variation of intensity that is the exciting factor.