Wallowing Behavior of American Bison (Bos bison) in Tallgrass Prairie: an Examination of Alternate Explanations

@inproceedings{McMillan2000WallowingBO,
  title={Wallowing Behavior of American Bison (Bos bison) in Tallgrass Prairie: an Examination of Alternate Explanations},
  author={Brock R. McMillan and Michael R. Cottam and Donald W. Kaufman},
  year={2000}
}
Abstract Wallowing is a common behavior of American bison (Bos bison). Past explanations and current hypotheses suggested for wallowing behavior include grooming behavior associated with shedding, male-male interaction (typically rutting behavior), social behavior for group cohesion, play behavior, relief from skin irritation due to biting insects, reduction of ectoparasite (tick and lice) load and thermoregulation. We monitored circannual and circadian patterns of wallowing frequency by… 

Concurrent Effects of Fire Regime, Grazing and Bison Wallowing on Tallgrass Prairie Vegetation

Abstract We examined the effects of fire regime and bison activity on the plant communities of active bison wallows and the surrounding grazing lawns at Konza Prairie Biological Station in

Use of Bison Wallows by Anurans on Konza Prairie

Bison may have been important in the life histories of prairie anurans by creating “pools” in the form of wallows that could be used as breeding sites, however, more information about the life history of individual species of anuran is needed before viability of bison wallows as a breeding habitat can be determined.

Seed dispersal by Bison bison in a tallgrass prairie

It is concluded that bison are potentially important dispersers of forbs as well as graminoids in tallgrass prairie landscapes, and a high abundance and wide diversity of seeds were found in both bison hair and dung.

Diet, gut microbiota, and management of American bison ( Bison bison) in conservation and commercial herds of the Great Plains

It is suggested that bison may benefit from access to forbs and browse in addition to grasses, and have the potential to foster both ecological and economic sustainability in the region to a greater degree than the system currently in place.

Influence of Grazing by Bison and Cattle on Deer Mice in Burned Tallgrass Prairie

It is likely that differences in deer mouse abundance between bison-grazed and cattle- grazed treatments were due to differences in vegetation structure caused by the two types of grazers.

Bison wallows effect on soil properties, vegetation composition and structure in a recently reintroduced area

Bison are considered an ecologically keystone species of the North American grasslands because their activities influence ecosystem dynamics and interactions, particularly their wallowing behavior. 

Bison-mediated seed dispersal in a tallgrass prairie reconstruction

Bison-mediated seed dispersal may be a critical ecological process that has been eliminated in grassland ecosystems by the removal of this keystone species. In this study of epizoochory and

Blazing and grazing: influences of fire and bison on tallgrass prairie stream water quality

Abstract.  Fire and grazers (such as Bison bison) were historically among the most important agents for maintaining and managing tallgrass prairie, but we know little about their influences on

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