Waiting for the state: Gender, citizenship and everyday encounters with bureaucracy in India

  title={Waiting for the state: Gender, citizenship and everyday encounters with bureaucracy in India},
  author={Grace Carswell and Thomas Chambers and Geert De Neve},
  journal={Environment and Planning C: Politics and Space},
  pages={597 - 616}
This article focuses on practices and meanings of time and waiting experienced by poor, low-class Dalits and Muslims in their routine encounters with the state in India. Drawing on ethnographic research from Tamil Nadu and Uttar Pradesh, it presents experiences of waiting around queuing and applying for paperwork, cards, and welfare schemes, in order to examine the role of temporal processes in the production of citizenship and citizen agency. An analysis of various forms of waiting – ‘on the… Expand
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