Waiting for Sophia: 30 Years of Conceptualizing Wisdom in Empirical Psychology

  title={Waiting for Sophia: 30 Years of Conceptualizing Wisdom in Empirical Psychology},
  author={Richard Hawley Trowbridge},
  journal={Research in Human Development},
  pages={149 - 164}
  • R. Trowbridge
  • Published 2011
  • Sociology
  • Research in Human Development
In response to a proposed definition of wisdom that integrated sophia and phronesis, this article reviews the constructs of wisdom in the psychological literature in regard to their inclusion of both. The author found about one fourth of the 41 models examined to contain reference to aspects of sophia. He discusses elements of sophia in the global wisdom tradition, and makes the argument that two aspects of sophia must be included in a comprehensive definition of wisdom: (a) the perspective of… Expand
Studying Wisdom: Toward a Christian Integrative Perspective
Wisdom is both a current topic of empirical investigation and a vital part of religious thought. What is the proper relationship between the science of wisdom and religious tradition? We suggest fourExpand
The Varieties of Wisdom: Contemplative, Cross-Cultural, and Integral Contributions
Contemporary research on wisdom consists of several approaches, inherited from diverse philosophical, religious, and contemplative contributions. This article therefore introduces integral theory toExpand
Studies of Wisdom: A Special Issue of Integral Review
Across cultures and centuries, wisdom has long been regarded as one of the greatest of all virtues. Yet in recent centuries wisdom largely disappeared from Western awareness, and the RoutledgeExpand
Practical Wisdom: Management’s No Longer Forgotten Virtue
The ancient virtue of practical wisdom has lately been enjoying a remarkable renaissance in management literature. The purpose of this article is to add clarity and bring synergy to theExpand
Consumer Wisdom: A Theoretical Framework of Five Integrated Facets
We establish a parsimonious theoretical framework of consumer wisdom based on five mutually reinforcing psychological facets. Our research draws from wisdom literature and a set of 31Expand
Theoretical Foundations to Guide Mindfulness Meditation: A Path to Wisdom
Mindfulness interventions are becoming increasingly popular across a wide variety of clinical and non-clinical settings where they are often employed to promote psychological well-being. MindfulnessExpand
In search of a fitting moral psychology for practical wisdom: Exploring a missing link in virtuous management
While business existed for thousands of years as a social activity involving communities of persons embedded in dense relational networks and practices, the modern legal foundations of business andExpand
Economic Wisdom for Managerial Decision-Making
The paper argues that Aristotle’s “phronesis” can be explained as social practice wisdom, a discursive system linking mind and social practice to produce wellbeing and human flourishing. It uses theExpand
What is Wisdom? Cross-Cultural and Cross-Disciplinary Syntheses
This article explores the nature of wisdom using an integrative cross-cultural and cross-disciplinary approach by drawing on contemporary research as well as the philosophical and contemplativeExpand
The effects of a wisdom intervention in a Christian congregation*
Abstract Psychological research on the topic of wisdom is limited in its incorporation of religion and spirituality. This gap in psychological literature may serve to limit a thorough understandingExpand


Psychological wisdom research: commonalities and differences in a growing field.
The growth and scope of psychological wisdom research over the past few decades demonstrate that it is possible to investigate this complex construct with empirical rigor. Expand
Becoming Wise: A Psycho-Gerontological Interpretation of the Book of Job
Drawing on a synthetic model of wisdom, it is claimed wisdom occurs in personality, cognition, and conation that transforms intrapersonal, interpersonal, and transpersonal experience. Expand
The Ontogeny of Wisdom in Its Variations
The concept of wisdom has intrigued the human mind for at least as long as recorded history. In the last two decades, interest in the topic has spread to the realm of psychological inquiry. ThisExpand
Facets of Wisdom: A Theoretical Synthesis
  • M. A. Taranto
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • International journal of aging & human development
  • 1989
This article compares and synthesizes the various studies and concludes that they can be unified theoretically if the authors view wisdom as the recognition of and response to human limitation. Expand
Wisdom as a Classical Source of Human Strength: Conceptualization and Empirical Inquiry
Wisdom has been conceptualized as: (1) a rare, highly exercised and developed form of cognitive expertise about the domain of human affairs that allows for multiple conduits or (2) a constellation ofExpand
A Psychology of Wisdom: History and Recent Developments
Wisdom is a phenomenon characterized by a rich cultural history and complex associations. Across cultures and history, wisdom has been discussed as the ideal of human knowledge and character.Expand
Psychology of wisdom
Psychological theories on wisdom have developed mainly during the last two decades. Early developments are strongly associated with studies on gerontology. In fact, a great body of the literature onExpand
Wisdom: The study of wise persons: integrating a personality perspective
The primacy of cognitive explanations of wisdom in recent research has failed to incorporate personality prerequisites. Fundamental links between wisdom and adult personality development, elucidatedExpand
Practical and transcendent wisdom: Their nature and some longitudinal findings
A self-report Adjective Check List (ACL) Practical Wisdom Scale (PWS) and external ratings of Transcendent Wisdom (TWR), based on subjects' examples of personally important wisdom, were used to studyExpand
The Wisdom Development Scale: Translating the Conceptual to the Concrete
In a previous study, a conceptual model of wisdom was created (Brown, 2004a) to better understand integrated learning outcomes. The purpose of this study is to develop a scale to measure this wisdomExpand