Waging War on Mosquitoes: Scientific Research and the Formation of Mosquito Brigades in French West Africa, 1899–1920

  title={Waging War on Mosquitoes: Scientific Research and the Formation of Mosquito Brigades in French West Africa, 1899–1920},
  author={Christian Strother},
  journal={Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences},
  pages={447 - 468}
  • Christian Strother
  • Published 1 October 2016
  • Political Science
  • Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences
ABSTRACT:While the majority of colonial public health officials in Africa intermittently used measures for mosquito containment, the government of French West Africa made the creation of what were called mosquito brigades into a vital element of urban sanitary policy. The project seemed to offer a chance to curb the impact of mosquito-borne disease on the colonial economy. Yet, despite the full support of sanitary policy on the federal, colonial, and local levels, the government found that… 

Public Health Policies in the Akyem Abuakwa of Ghana (1850-1957)

Abstract Akyem Abuakwa is one of the largest states of the Akan ethnic group in Ghana. Notwithstanding its size and important contribution to Ghana’s development, historians have paid little



Medical knowledge and urban planning in tropical Africa.

  • P. Curtin
  • History
    The American historical review
  • 1985
EUROPEANS CONQUERED MOST OF TROPICAL AFRICA between 1880 and the First World War. This was also a period of rapid advance in tropical medicine. Malaria was by far the most serious threat to Europeans


The article argues that because of the ignorance of the etiology and epidemiology of yellow fever, policies were misdirected and did not achieve their primary goals.

Colonial Pathologies: American Tropical Medicine, Race, and Hygiene in the Philippines

Colonial Pathologies is a groundbreaking history of the role of science and medicine in the American colonization of the Philippines from 1898 through the 1930s that points to colonial public health in the Philippines as a key influence on the subsequent development of military medicine and industrial hygiene, U.S. urban health services, and racialized development regimes in other parts of the world.

Epidemic Invasions: Yellow Fever and the Limits of Cuban Independence, 1878-1930

In the early fall of 1897, yellow fever shuttered businesses, paralyzed trade, and caused tens of thousand of people living in the southern United States to abandon their homes and flee for their

The Emergence of Tropical Medicine in France

By considering tropical medicine's distinctive history, Osborne brings to light a more comprehensive and nuanced view of French medicine, medical geography, and race theory, all the while acknowledging the navy's crucial role in combating illness and investigating the racial dimensions of health.

Malaria: Poverty, Race, and Public Health in the United States

Margaret Humphreys argues that malaria control was central to the evolution of local and federal intervention in public health, and demonstrates the complex interaction between poverty, race, and geography in determining the fate of malaria.

Warm climates and Western medicine : the emergence of tropical medicine, 1500-1900

This book discusses Tropical Medicine in Nineteenth-Century Brazil, Social Status and Imperial Service: Tropical Medicine and the British Medical Profession in the Nineteenth Century, and the Turning- point of Pastorian Medicine in North Africa.

Africa as a Living Laboratory: Empire, Development, and the Problem of Scientific Knowledge, 1870-1950

Tropical Africa was one of the last regions of the world to experience formal European colonialism, a process that coincided with the advent of a range of new scientific specialties and research

Networks in Tropical Medicine: Internationalism, Colonialism, and the Rise of a Medical Specialty, 1890–1930

Networks in Tropical Medicine demonstrates that these medical specialists' shared notions of "Europeanness," rooted in common beliefs about scientific, technological, and racial superiority, led them to establish a colonial medical practice in Africa that sometimes oppressed the same people it was created to help.

The Long Struggle against Malaria in Tropical Africa

1. European vulnerability 2. African immunity 3. An aborted campaign for eradication 4. Positive turbulence 5. Silent resurgence 6. The campaign for 'elimination' 7. Perspectives.