Wabusk of the Omushkegouk: Cree-Polar Bear (Ursus maritimus) Interactions in Northern Ontario

  title={Wabusk of the Omushkegouk: Cree-Polar Bear (Ursus maritimus) Interactions in Northern Ontario},
  author={Raynald Harvey Lemelin and Martha Dowsley and Brian Walmark and Franziska Siebel and Louis Bird and George Hunter and Tommy Myles and Maurice Mack and Matthew Gull and Matthew Kakekaspan and The Washaho First Nation at Fort Severn and The Weenusk First Nation at Peawanuck},
  journal={Human Ecology},
In order to understand wabusk (polar bear, Ursus maritimus) behaviours and interactions with people in the Hudson Bay lowlands of northern Ontario we conducted this collaborative study of Cree kiskayndamowin/knowledge. Our findings reveal that Cree knowledge supports previously published information on polar bears, while adding further contextual findings: that male polar bears travel greater distances into the muskeg than previously recorded; that wabusk prey on amisk (beaver, Castor… 
Novel range overlap of three ursids in the Canadian subarctic
We describe for the first time in the peer-reviewed literature observations of American black bear (Ursus americanus Pallas, 1780), grizzly bear (Ursus arctos Linnaeus, 1758), and polar bear (Ursus
Understanding subarctic wildlife in Eastern James Bay under changing climatic and socio-environmental conditions: bringing together Cree hunters' ecological knowledge and scientific observations
Abstract The Canadian Subarctic is undergoing climatic and environmental changes which are leading to wide-ranging implications for wildlife, ecosystems and aboriginal communities. Through their
Demographic and traditional knowledge perspectives on the current status of Canadian polar bear subpopulations
The current status of Canadian polar bear subpopulations in 2013 was 12 stable/increasing and one declining (Kane Basin), which does not find support for the perspective that polar bears within or shared with Canada are currently in any sort of climate crisis.
Polar Bear Foraging Behavior
  • A. Pagano
  • Geography
    Ethology and Behavioral Ecology of Sea Otters and Polar Bears
  • 2021
Polar bears forage in the marine environment, primarily on the sea ice over the shallow waters of the continental shelf. They are solitary, ambush hunters that catch ringed and bearded seals when
Dietary composition and spatial patterns of polar bear foraging on land in western Hudson Bay
The results suggest that polar bears are foraging opportunistically in a manner consistent with maximizing intake while minimizing energy expenditure associated with movement, which could suggest use of a strategy that other Ursids employ to maximize weight gain.
Examining the Potential for Wildlife Tourism in Eeyou Istchee, Northern Quebec, Canada
Well-established wildlife tourism destinations like Churchill, Manitoba and Svalbard, Norway provide visitors with the opportunity to view charismatic megafauna through well-established travel
Cree Hunters’ Observations on Resources in the Landscape in the Context of Socio-Environmental Change in the Eastern James Bay
Abstract This article examines the understanding of Cree hunters in relation to shifts in landscape resources and in particular the availability of two key subsistence wildlife species (i.e. Canada
Developing Community Capacities through Scenario Planning for Natural Resource Management: A Case Study of Polar Bears
Polar bears (Ursus maritimus) were listed as a threatened species in Ontario in 2009 as a precautionary measure based on the expectation that their sea ice habitat will decline. The authors studied
Collaborative Engagement of Local and Traditional Knowledge and Science in Marine Environments: A Review
Local and traditional ecological knowledge (LTK) is increasingly recognized as an important component of scientific research, conservation, and resource management. Especially where there are gaps in
Oral Histories: Informing Natural Resource Management Using Perceptions of the Past
In a rapidly changing world, oral history – a recorded dialogue between an interviewer and interviewee – is becoming an increasingly valued method by which to describe past marine environments and to


Inuit Perspectives on Polar Bears (Ursus maritimus) and Climate Change in Baffin Bay, Nunavut, Canada
Abstract Scientific research has demonstrated negative effects caused by climate change on three of 19 polar bear populations’ worldwide (Stirling et al. 1999; Aars et al. 2006). As a result the
Traditional Knowledge of the Ecology of Beluga Whales ( Delphinapterus leucas ) in the Eastern Chukchi and Northern Bering Seas, Alaska
Traditional ecological knowledge (TEK) has been used opportunistically in biological studies of beluga whales (Delphinapterus leucas) in Alaska, but no previous research has documented this knowledge
Possible Effects of Climate Warming on Selected Populations of Polar Bears ( Ursus maritimus ) in the Canadian Arctic
Polar bears depend on sea ice for survival. Climate warming in the Arctic has caused significant declines in total cover and thickness of sea ice in the polar basin and progressively earlier breakup
Understanding and Managing Wildlife in Hudson Bay Under a Changing Climate: Some Recent Contributions From Inuit and Cree Ecological Knowledge
In the last few decades, traditional and local ecological knowledge (TEK/LEK) have contributed information to understanding and managing wildlife. In the Hudson Bay region of the Canadian Arctic,
Observations of a wild polar bear (Ursus maritimus) successfully fishing Arctic charr (Salvelinus alpinus) and Fourhorn sculpin (Myoxocephalus quadricornis)
Observations of a young male polar bear catching Arctic charr and Fourhorn sculpin by diving in Creswell Bay, Nunavut are document.
Local Ecological Knowledge of Ivory Gull Declines in Arctic Canada
We gathered local ecological knowledge (LEK) on the ivory gull ( Pagophila eburnea ) from residents of three High Arctic communities in eastern Canada. This gull has always been uncommon, but Inuit
Polar Bear Ecology and Management in Hudson Bay in the Face of Climate Change
Hudson Bay, Canada has been a region of intensive research on polar bear population ecology dating back to the late 1960s. Although the impacts of climate change on sea ice habitat throughout the
Polar Bear Conservation in Canada: Defining the Policy Problems
Conservation of polar bears (Ursus maritimus) in Canada is based on the goals and principles of the 1973 International Agreement on the Conservation of Polar Bears and Their Habitat, and has long
The early bear gets the goose: climate change, polar bears and lesser snow geese in western Hudson Bay
The consumption of goose eggs may reverse the trend and help stabilize the population of polar bears and help stabilise the population, at least for some period of time.
Black Bear Predation on Beavers on an Island in Lake Superior
Beavers were studied on two Lake Superior islands; one (Stockton) had black bears (Ursus americanus), while the other (Outer) did not; active beaver colonies on Outer Island increased during the study whereas they declined on Stockton Island.