Corpus ID: 15858475

WITH COMMENTARY AND RESPONSE False belief in infancy : a fresh look

@inproceedings{Heyes2014WITHCA,
  title={WITH COMMENTARY AND RESPONSE False belief in infancy : a fresh look},
  author={Cecilia Heyes},
  year={2014}
}
Can infants appreciate that others have false beliefs? Do they have a theory of mind? In this article I provide a detailed review of more than 20 experiments that have addressed these questions, and offered an affirmative answer, using nonverbal ‘violation of expectation’ and ‘anticipatory looking’ procedures. Although many of these experiments are both elegant and ingenious, I argue that their results can be explained by the operation of domain-general processes and in terms of ‘low-level… Expand

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References

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  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Developmental science
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TLDR
It is suggested that the use of two experimental strategies - inanimate control procedures, and self-informed belief induction - could be used in combination with existing methods to bring us much closer to understanding the evolutionary and developmental origins of theory of mind. Expand
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TLDR
It is shown that adults and 7-month-olds automatically encode others” beliefs, and that, surprisingly, others’ beliefs have similar effects as the participants’ own beliefs. Expand
Breaking the rules: do infants have a true understanding of false belief?
TLDR
Findings suggest that infants possess an implicit understanding of false belief and challenge the view that success on the implicit false belief task does not require executive functioning abilities. Expand
Early Theory of Mind Competencies: Do Infants Understand Others' Beliefs?
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Results are in accordance with the assumption that 15-month-old infants master different belief-inducing situations in a highly flexible way, accepting visual as well as manual information access as a proper basis for belief induction. Expand
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TLDR
Hearing infants significantly outperformed their deaf counterparts in anticipating the search actions of a cartoon character that held a false belief about a target-object location. Expand
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A new paradigm to test false belief understanding in infants using a more active behavioral response: helping showed that by 18 months of age infants successfully took into account the adult's belief in the process of attempting to determine his goal. Expand
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In this article, I address three broad challenges that have been directed at claims that even young infants are able to represent and to reason about hidden objects. The first challenge is that suchExpand
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TLDR
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TLDR
A procedure that uses conditional discrimination training and transfer tests to determine whether chimpanzees have the concept "see" is proposed and critics are invited to identify flaws in the procedure and to suggest alternatives. Expand
Infants' Insight into the Mind: How Deep?
Understanding that others may act based on false beliefs is considered a uniquely human ability. Children are thought to develop an understanding of false beliefs around 4 years of age, whichExpand
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